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  1. Research

    A field trial of a fixed combination of permethrin and fipronil (Effitix®) for the treatment and prevention of flea infestation in dogs living with sheep

    A large number of fleas parasitize dogs living with sheep in Greece. The primary aim of this randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial was to examine the efficacy of a permethrin-fipronil combination (Effitix

    Manolis K. Chatzis, Dimitris Psemmas, Elias Papadopoulos, Christelle Navarro and Manolis N. Saridomichelakis

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:212

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  2. Research

    Evaluating the variation in the projected benefit of community-wide mass treatment for schistosomiasis: Implications for future economic evaluations

    The majority of schistosomiasis control programmes focus on targeting school-aged children. Expanding the use of community-wide mass treatment to reach more adults is under consideration. However, it should be...

    Hugo C. Turner, James E. Truscott, Alison A. Bettis, Sam H. Farrell, Arminder K. Deol, Jane M. Whitton, Fiona M. Fleming and Roy M. Anderson

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:213

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  3. Research

    No measurable adverse effects of Lassa, Morogoro and Gairo arenaviruses on their rodent reservoir host in natural conditions

    In order to optimize net transmission success, parasites are hypothesized to evolve towards causing minimal damage to their reservoir host while obtaining high shedding rates. For many parasite species however...

    Joachim Mariën, Benny Borremans, Sophie Gryseels, Barré Soropogui, Luc De Bruyn, Gédéon Ngiala Bongo, Beate Becker-Ziaja, Joëlle Goüy de Bellocq, Stephan Günther, N’Faly Magassouba, Herwig Leirs and Elisabeth Fichet-Calvet

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:210

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  4. Research

    Prevalence of tick-borne haemoparasites in small ruminants in Turkey and diagnostic sensitivity of single-PCR and RLB

    Tick-borne haemoparasitic diseases (TBHDs), caused by Theileria, Babesia, Anaplasma and Ehrlichia, are common in regions of the world where the distributions of host, pathogen and vector overlap. Many of these di...

    Huseyin Bilgin Bilgic, Serkan Bakırcı, Onur Kose, Ahmet Hakan Unlu, Selin Hacılarlıoglu, Hasan Eren, William Weir and Tulin Karagenc

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:211

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  5. Letter to the Editor

    Response to the Letter to the Editor by Rob Armstrong

    In a recent Letter to the Editor, Armstrong raises concern that the design of the study reported by Six et al. was not consistent with the product label for treatment of Amblyomma americanum, since fluralaner was...

    Robert H. Six, David R. Young, Melanie R. Myers and Sean P. Mahabir

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:207

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  6. Short report

    Epidemiological role of dogs since the human leishmaniosis outbreak in Madrid

    Canine leishmaniosis (CanL) has been in the spotlight since the 2009 outbreak of human leishmaniosis in Madrid. In the framework of the Leishmaniosis Surveillance Programme set up in Madrid, this study examines L...

    Guadalupe Miró, Aurora Müller, Ana Montoya, Rocía Checa, Valentina Marino, Eloy Marino, Fernando Fuster, Cristina Escacena, Miguel Angel Descalzo and Rosa Gálvez

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:209

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  7. Research

    Molecular identification of Plasmodium spp. and blood meal sources of anophelines in environmental reserves on São Luís Island, state of Maranhão, Brazil

    Considering the diversity of feeding habits that females of some species of anophelines present, it is important to understand which vertebrates are part of blood food sources and how important is the role of ...

    Mayra Araguaia Pereira Figueiredo, Silvia Maria Di Santi, Wilson Gómez Manrique, Luiz Ricardo Gonçalves, Marcos Rogério André and Rosangela Zacarias Machado

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:203

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  8. Research

    Landscape structure affects distribution of potential disease vectors (Diptera: Culicidae)

    Vector-pathogen dynamics are controlled by fluctuations of potential vector communities, such as the Culicidae. Assessment of mosquito community diversity and, in particular, identification of environmental pa...

    Carina Zittra, Simon Vitecek, Adelheid G. Obwaller, Heidemarie Rossiter, Barbara Eigner, Thomas Zechmeister, Johann Waringer and Hans-Peter Fuehrer

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:205

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  9. Research

    Mining a differential sialotranscriptome of Rhipicephalus microplus guides antigen discovery to formulate a vaccine that reduces tick infestations

    Ticks cause massive damage to livestock and vaccines are one sustainable substitute for the acaricides currently heavily used to control infestations. To guide antigen discovery for a vaccine that targets the ...

    Sandra R. Maruyama, Gustavo R. Garcia, Felipe R. Teixeira, Lucinda G. Brandão, Jennifer M. Anderson, José M. C. Ribeiro, Jesus G. Valenzuela, Jana Horackova, Cecília J. Veríssimo, Luciana M. Katiki, Tamy M. Banin, Amanda F. Zangirolamo, Luiz G. Gardinassi, Beatriz R. Ferreira and Isabel K. F. de Miranda-Santos

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:206

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  10. Research

    Serological measures to assess the efficacy of malaria control programme on Ambae Island, Vanuatu

    Seroepidemiology can provide evidence for temporal changes in malaria transmission and is an important tool to evaluate the effectiveness of control interventions. During the early 2000s, Vanuatu experienced a...

    Zulkarnain Md Idris, Chim W. Chan, Mubasher Mohammed, Morris Kalkoa, George Taleo, Klara Junker, Bruno Arcà, Chris Drakeley and Akira Kaneko

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:204

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  11. Research

    Anaplasma spp. in dogs and owners in north-western Morocco

    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an emerging tick-borne zoonotic pathogen of increased interest worldwide which has been detected in northern Africa. Anaplasma platys is also present in th...

    Sarah Elhamiani Khatat, Sylvie Daminet, Malika Kachani, Christian M. Leutenegger, Luc Duchateau, Hamid El Amri, Mony Hing, Rahma Azrib and Hamid Sahibi

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:202

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  12. Research

    Meta-analysis of the parasitic phase traits of Haemonchus contortus infection in sheep

    The parasitic nematode Haemonchus contortus shows highly variable life history traits. This highlights the need to have an average estimate and a quantification of the variation around it to calibrate epidemiolog...

    Mathilde Saccareau, Guillaume Sallé, Christèle Robert-Granié, Tom Duchemin, Philippe Jacquiet, Alexandra Blanchard, Jacques Cabaret and Carole R. Moreno

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:201

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  13. Short report

    The physiological cost of male-biased parasitism in a nearly monomorphic mammal

    Even though male-biased parasitism is common in mammals, little effort has been made to evaluate whether higher parasitic burden in males results in an extra biological cost, and thus a decrease in fitness. Bo...

    Arturo Oliver-Guimerá, Carlos Martínez-Carrasco, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, María Rocío Ruiz de Ybáñez, Jordi Martínez-Guijosa, Jorge Ramón López-Olvera, Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Andreu Colom-Cadena, Gregorio Mentaberre, Roser Velarde, Diana Gassó, Mathieu Garel, Luca Rossi, Santiago Lavín and Emmanuel Serrano

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:200

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  14. Research

    Benchmarking insecticide resistance intensity bioassays for Anopheles malaria vector species against resistance phenotypes of known epidemiological significance

    Insecticide use via indoor residual spraying (IRS) or treated nets is the primary method for controlling malaria vector populations. The incidence of insecticide resistance in vector populations is burgeoning ...

    Nelius Venter, Shȕné V. Oliver, Mbanga Muleba, Craig Davies, Richard H. Hunt, Lizette L. Koekemoer, Maureen Coetzee and Basil D. Brooke

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:198

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  15. Short report

    Canine β-defensin-1 (CBD1) gene as a possible marker for Leishmania infantum infection in dogs

    Canine leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania infantum is a parasitic disease of great veterinary significance. Some dogs infected by L. infantum may mount a strong cellular immune response and clear the infection, w...

    Lidiane Gomes da Silva, César Raimundo Lima Costa-Júnior, Carlos Alberto Santiago Figueiredo-Júnior, Tereza Cristina Leal-Balbino, Sergio Crovella, Domenico Otranto, Valdir de Queiroz Balbino and Filipe Dantas-Torres

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:199

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  16. Research

    Morphological and molecular characteristics of Malayfilaria sofiani Uni, Mat Udin & Takaoka n. g., n. sp. (Nematoda: Filarioidea) from the common treeshrew Tupaia glis Diard & Duvaucel (Mammalia: Scandentia) in Peninsular Malaysia

    The filarial nematodes Wuchereria bancrofti (Cobbold, 1877), Brugia malayi (Brug, 1927) and B. timori Partono, Purnomo, Dennis, Atmosoedjono, Oemijati & Cross, 1977 cause lymphatic diseases in humans in the tropi...

    Shigehiko Uni, Ahmad Syihan Mat Udin, Takeshi Agatsuma, Weerachai Saijuntha, Kerstin Junker, Rosli Ramli, Hasmahzaiti Omar, Yvonne Ai-Lian Lim, Sinnadurai Sivanandam, Emilie Lefoulon, Coralie Martin, Daicus Martin Belabut, Saharul Kasim, Muhammad Rasul Abdullah Halim, Nur Afiqah Zainuri, Subha Bhassu…

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:194

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  17. Research

    Household level spatio-temporal analysis of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax malaria in Ethiopia

    The global decline of malaria burden and goals for elimination has led to an increased interest in the fine-scale epidemiology of malaria. Micro-geographic heterogeneity of malaria infection could have implica...

    Dinberu Seyoum, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Luc Duchateau, Patrick Brandt, Angel Rosas-Aguirre and Niko Speybroeck

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:196

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  18. Research

    Parasites, pathogens and commensals in the “low-impact” non-native amphipod host Gammarus roeselii

    Whilst vastly understudied, pathogens of non-native species (NNS) are increasingly recognised as important threats to native wildlife. This study builds upon recent recommendations for improved screening for p...

    Jamie Bojko, Karolina Bącela-Spychalska, Paul D. Stebbing, Alison M. Dunn, Michał Grabowski, Michał Rachalewski and Grant D. Stentiford

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:193

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  19. Short report

    Efficacy and user acceptability of transfluthrin-treated sisal and hessian decorations for protecting against mosquito bites in outdoor bars

    A number of mosquito vectors bite and rest outdoors, which contributes to sustained residual malaria transmission in endemic areas. Spatial repellents are thought to create a protective “bubble” within which m...

    John P. Masalu, Marceline Finda, Fredros O. Okumu, Elihaika G. Minja, Arnold S. Mmbando, Maggy T. Sikulu-Lord and Sheila B. Ogoma

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:197

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  20. Research

    Investigations into the association between soil-transmitted helminth infections, haemoglobin and child development indices in Manufahi District, Timor-Leste

    Timor-Leste has a high prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections. High proportions of the population have been reported as being anaemic, and extremely high proportions of children as stunted or...

    Suzy J. Campbell, Susana V. Nery, Catherine A. D’Este, Darren J. Gray, James S. McCarthy, Rebecca J. Traub, Ross M. Andrews, Stacey Llewellyn, Andrew J. Vallely, Gail M. Williams and Archie C. A. Clements

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:192

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  21. Research

    Characterization of a novel aspartyl protease inhibitor from Haemonchus contortus

    Aspartyl protease inhibitor (API) was thought to protect intestinal parasitic nematodes from their hostile proteolytic environment. Studies on Ostertagia ostertagi, Ascaris suum and Brugia malayi indicated that a...

    Baojie Li, Javaid Ali Gadahi, Wenxiang Gao, Zhenchao Zhang, Muhammad Ehsan, Lixin Xu, Xiaokai Song, Xiangrui Li and Ruofeng Yan

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:191

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  22. Research

    Understanding Phlebotomus perniciosus abundance in south-east Spain: assessing the role of environmental and anthropic factors

    Leishmaniosis is associated with Phlebotomus sand fly vector density, but our knowledge of the environmental framework that regulates highly overdispersed vector abundance distributions is limited. We used a stan...

    José Risueño, Clara Muñoz, Pedro Pérez-Cutillas, Elena Goyena, Moisés Gonzálvez, María Ortuño, Luis Jesús Bernal, Juana Ortiz, Bulent Alten and Eduardo Berriatua

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:189

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  23. Research

    Distribution of ticks infesting ruminants and risk factors associated with high tick prevalence in livestock farms in the semi-arid and arid agro-ecological zones of Pakistan

    Tick infestation is the major problem for animal health that causes substantial economic losses, particularly in tropical and subtropical countries. To better understand the spatial distribution of tick specie...

    Abdul Rehman, Ard M. Nijhof, Carola Sauter-Louis, Birgit Schauer, Christoph Staubach and Franz J. Conraths

    Parasites & Vectors 2017 10:190

    Published on: 19 April 2017

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