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Table 4 Deterrence and feeding inhibition rates of Ocimum suave, Azadirachta indica, Eucalyptus globules and Lantana camara to An. arabiensis and Cx. quinquefaciatus in village houses.

From: Longitudinal evaluation of Ocimum and other plants effects on the feeding behavioral response of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in the field in Tanzania

Species Character observed OS OK AI EG LC Deterrence comparisons
   HS A1 HS B HS A2 HS B HS A3 HS B HS A4 HS B HS A5 HS B  
An. arabiensis Resting indoor 3 63 6 71 2 112 4 85 18 78 P = 0.09
  Outdoors (WT + VT) 94 31 86 22 49 18 59 13 64 21  
  % Deterrence 75.2 79.6 73.1 81.9 75.3  
  Unfed 3 34 2 35 5 68 3 48 11 43  
  Fed 0 29 0 23 1 44 1 37 7 35  
  % Feeding inhibition 100 53.9 100 60.3 83.3 60.7 75 56.5 61.1 55.1  
Cx. quinq Resting indoor 2 21 3 33 10 21 2 11 2 7 P = 0.12
  Outdoors (WT + VT) 26 17 31 23 19 11 15 9 19 9  
  % Deterrence 56.5 57.4 63.3 62.5 67.8  
  Unfed 2 5 2 7 8 6 4 3 2 2  
  Fed 0 16 0 13 2 14 4 8 0 6  
  % Feeding inhibition 100 23.8 100 35.0 80 30.0 50.0 27.3 100 25.0  
  1. HS A1 to HS A4 = Houses in the village with two occupants in which plant materials were bunt.
  2. HS B1 to HS B4 = Houses in the village with two occupants which were used as Control houses.