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Table 1 Defining the dominant Anopheles vector species and species complexes of human malaria in Africa.

From: The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis

Anopheline species or species complex White[260] Service[253, 321] Kiszewski[322] Mouchet[223] Exc. Inc. EO source
An. arabiensis y y y y 1 1 [260]; updated by TAG, 2009
An. funestus y y y y 1 1 [10]; updated by TAG, 2009
An. gambiae y y y y 1 1 [11]; updated by TAG, 2009
An. melas y   y    1 [11]
An. merus    y    1 [10]; updated by TAG, 2009, 2010
An. moucheti     y   1 [10]; updated by TAG, 2009
An. nili*     y   1 [10]
  1. The * denotes that a "species" is now recognized as a species complex. The exclusive (Exc.) column counts those species identified in all four reviews. The inclusive (Inc.) column counts those species identified by any of the four authors and are the candidate DVS considered for mapping. All of the African species are found in Macdonald's malaria epidemiology zones 6 and 7 (Afrotropical - formerly Ethiopian and Afro-Arabian) 320. The final DVS species listed were defined during two separate Technical Advisory Group (TAG) meetings. EO = Expert Opinion.