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Table 10 Larval site characteristics of the African DVS.

From: The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis

Species Source Light intensity Salinity Turbidity Movement Vegetation
   Helio-philic Helio-phobic High (brackish) Low (fresh) Clear Polluted Still or stagnant Flowing Higher plants, algae etc No Veg
An. arabiensis Summary 5 2 1 1 5 5 2 4 11 1
An. arabiensis TAG     
An. funestus Summary 3 3   1 2   3   6 1
An. funestus TAG  
An. gambiae Summary 4 1 1 1 4 4 5 3 5 4
An. gambiae TAG     
An. melas Summary    5 2      4  
An. melas TAG    
An. merus Summary    5       2  
An. merus TAG    
An. moucheti Summary       1 2 2 2  
An. moucheti TAG      
An. nili Summary 1        1 1  
An. nili TAG      
  1. TAG: Bangs & Mbogo (unpub. obs., 2010), = typical, = examples exist. Numbers indicate the number of studies that found larvae under each listed circumstance.