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Table 12 Small larval sites of the African DVS.

From: The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in Africa, Europe and the Middle East: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis

Species Source Small natural water collections Small man-made water collections Artificial sites
   Small streams Seepage springs Pools Wells Dips in the ground Other Overflow water Irrigation ditches Borrow pits Wheel ruts Hoof prints Puddles near rice fields Other Empty cans, shells etc.
An. arabiensis Summary 4 1 22 8   11   3 4 4 4 4 10 3
An. arabiensis TAG    
An. funestus Summary 4      1        2  
An. funestus TAG    
An. gambiae Summary 1   10   2 3    2 1 2 2 6 1
An. gambiae TAG    
An. melas Summary    3   1 3      1    1
An. melas TAG               
An. merus Summary    3    3         
An. merus TAG               
An. moucheti Summary               
An. moucheti TAG              
An. nili Summary               
An. nili TAG              
  1. TAG: Bangs & Mbogo (unpub. obs., 2010), = typical, = examples exist. Numbers indicate the number of studies that found larvae under each listed circumstance.