Semi-schematic summarizing a phylogeography for Indoplanorbis. The radiation is assumed to have originated in the Assam region of Northeast India and initial divergence to have been triggered by the onset of the Asian monsoon and a change from rain forest to drier savanna. More humid refugia are shaded with wavy lines. Arrows show subsequent dispersal tracts. Pleistocene land area is shown by lighter shading extending from the modern coast lines. Pleistocene coastlines are indicated by solid lines, modern coast lines by broken lines. International boundaries, scale and geographical features approximate.