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Table 3 Number (%) of children reporting moderate or extreme problems on the EQ-5D questionnaire, stratified by helminth infection and school.

From: Self-rated quality of life and school performance in relation to helminth infections: case study from Yunnan, People's Republic of China

   Dimension
   Mobility Self-care Usual activities Pain or discomfort Anxiety or depression Any dimension
Parasite Obs. N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI) N (%) OR (95% CI)
A. lumbricoides              
   Bulangshan              
Non-infected 48 11 (23)   3 (6)   20 (42)   39 (81)   29 (60)   41 (85)  
Infected 101 28 (28) 1.3 (0.6, 2.9) 10 (10) 1.6 (0.4, 6.3) 53 (52) 1.5 (0.8, 3.1) 69 (68) 0.5 (0.2, 1.1) 52 (51) 0.7 (0.3, 1.4) 90 (89) 1.4 (0.5, 3.9)
   Pu'er              
Non-infected 89 3 (3)   3 (4)   36 (40)   53 (60)   59 (66)   74 (83)  
Infected 9 1 (11) 3.6 (0.3, 38.6) 0 (0) n.a. 3 (33) 0.74 (0.2, 3.1) 7 (78) 2.4 (0.5, 12.1) 8 (89) 4.1 (0.5, 34.1) 9 (100) n.a.
Hookworm              
   Bulangshan              
Non-infected 36 10 (28)   3 (8)   20 (56)   29 (81)   20 (56)   32 (89)  
Infected 118 29 (26) 0.9 (0.4, 2.1) 10 (9) 1.0 (0.3, 4.1) 53 (47) 0.7 (0.3, 1.5) 79 (70) 0.6 (0.2, 1.4) 61 (54) 0.9 (0.4, 2.0) 99 (87) 0.9 (0.3, 2.9)
   Pu'er              
Non-infected 67 3 (4)   2 (3)   20 (30)   37 (55)   43 (64)   55 (82)  
Infected 31 1 (3) 0.7 (0.1, 7.1) 1 (3) 1.1 (0.1, 12.4) 19 (61) 3.7 (1.5, 9.1)a 23 (74) 2.3 (0.9, 6.0) 24 (77) 1.9 (0.7, 5.1) 28 (90) 2.0 (0.5, 7.8)
T. trichiura              
   Bulangshan              
Non-infected 46 10 (22)   4 (9)   24 (52)   35 (76)   31 (67)   41 (89)  
Infected 108 29 (26) 1.4 (0.6, 3.2) 9 (9) 1.0 (0.3, 3.4) 49 (47) 0.8 (0.4, 1.7) 73 (71) 0.8 (0.3, 1.7) 50 (49) 0.5 (0.2, 0.9)a 90 (87) 0.8 (0.3, 2.5)
   Pu'er              
Non-infected 83 4 (5)   2 (2)   31 (37)   49 (59)   55 (66)   68 (82)  
Infected 15 0 (0) n.a. 1 (7) 2.9 (0.2, 34.1) 8 (53) 1.9 (0.6, 5.8) 11 (73) 1.9 (0.6, 6.5) 12 (80) 2.0 (0.5, 7.8) 15 (100) n.a
  1. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) are presented. a Significant at P < 0.05 (χ2 test), n.a., not applicable