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Table 3 Larval site characteristics.

From: The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Americas: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis

Species Source Light intensity Salinity Turbidity Movement Vegetation
   Helio-philic Helio-phobic High (brackish) Low (fresh) Clear Polluted Still or stagnant Flowing Higher plants, algae etc. No Veg
An. albimanus Summary 3   4 4 1   3 3 12  
An. albimanus TAG      
An. albitarsis Summary     1 2 2 1   2  
An. albitarsis TAG       
An. aquasalis Summary 2   3 2 1 1 2 1 3  
An. aquasalis TAG        
An. darlingi Summary 1 6 1 1 2 1 4 4 8  
An. darlingi TAG      
An. freeborni Summary           
An. freeborni TAG         
An. marajoara Summary 2     1 1 1    
An. marajoara TAG      
An. nuneztovari Summary 3 3    2 2    1  
An. nuneztovari TAG      
An. pseudopunctipennis Summary 2   3 2 2 1 2 1 10  
An. pseudopunctipennis TAG    
An. quadrimaculatus Summary     2 1 1 2   8 1
An. quadrimaculatus TAG         
  1. TAG: Rubio-Palis & Manguin (unpub. obs., 2009, 2010), = typical, = examples exist. Numbers indicate the number of studies that found larvae under each listed circumstance. Anopheles albitarsis refers to the An. albitarsis complex, which includes An. albitarsis, An. albitarsis sp. B, sp. E and An. deaneorum. Anopheles marajoara is listed separately.