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Table 3 Larval mean percentage mortality of An.gambiae ss and Cx. quinquefasciatus in a concentration gradient of the S. terebinthifolia fruits extracts in 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours bioassay

From: Insecticidal activity of the essential oil from fruits and seeds of Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi against African malaria vectors

Experiments Mosquito species Concentration
(ppm)
Larval mortality % (mean ± SE)
    12 hours 24 hours 48 hours 72 hours
Laboratory An. gambiae ss Control 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00
   Control blank 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 4.00 ± 0.28 4.00 ± 0.28
   202.15 0.00 ± 0.00 12.00 ± 0.60 21.50 ± 0.70 29.00 ± 0.20
   404.30 0.00 ± 0.00 13.50 ± 0.70 23.50 ± 0.70 36.50 ± 0.30
   808.60 71.70 ± 1.00 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00
   1617.20 72.50 ± 1.83 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00
   2625.20 91.70 ± 0.17 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00
  Cx. Control 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00
  quinquefasciatus Control blank 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 3.00 ± 3.00 3.00 ± 3.00
   202.15 0.00 ± 0.00 3.00 ± 0.40 5.00 ± 1.00 5.50 ± 0.90
   404.30 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 2.00 ± 0.01 100.00 ± 0.00
   808.60 27.50 ± 0.50 70.50 ± 0.10 99.50 ± 0.10 100.00 ± 0.00
   1617.20 42.50 ± 3.10 87.50 ± 1.30 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00
   2625.20 87.50 ± 0.10 99.50 ± 0.10 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00
Semi field An. gambiae ss Control 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00
   Control blank 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 2.00 ± 2.00 2.00 ± 2.00
   202.15 3.80 ± 0.24 30.30 ± 0.42 64.00 ± 0.33 81.00 ± 0.42
   404.30 13.50 ± 0.13 26.00 ± 0.33 73.50 ± 0.37 95.00 ± 0.52
   808.60 26.50 ± 0.27 37.50 ± 0.34 87.00 ± 0.27 100.00 ± 0.00
   1617.20 27.00 ± 0.29 97.70 ± 0.08 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00
   2625.20 39.40 ± 0.14 99.20 ± 0.16 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00
  Cx. Control 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00
  quinquefasciatus Control blank 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00 0.00 ± 0.00
   202.15 2.80 ± 0.22 19.00 ± 0.36 34.50 ± 0.38 70.00 ± 0.42
   404.30 5.70 ± 0.19 21.00 ± 0.25 44.00 ± 0.47 84.50 ± 0.31
   808.60 11.80 ± 0.18 34.50 ± 0.31 58.00 ± 0.31 100.00 ± 0.00
   1617.20 11.00 ± 0.25 97.70 ± 0.11 97.80 ± 0.06 100.00 ± 0.00
   2625.20 31.90 ± 0.22 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00 100.00 ± 0.00
  1. *Values are mean of five replicates in each dosage
  2. *SE: Standard error