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Table 2 Prevalence of tick-borne pathogens detected in Ixodes ricinus in Bavarian public parks, Germany, 2009/2010

From: Occurrence of Babesia spp., Rickettsia spp. and Bartonella spp. in Ixodes ricinus in Bavarian public parks, Germany

      positive ticks (in %)
sites year No. of investigated ticks Babesia spp. Rickettsia spp.
   A N L pool [n] A N L pool [n] A N L pool [n]
*M1 2009 302 87 4 [14] 0 0 0 40 (13.2) 9 (10.3) 0
M2 2009 344 156 24 [120] 1 (0.3) 0 0 16 (4.7) 11 (7.1) 2 [10] (1.7-8.3)
  2010 267 150 3 [9] 0 0 0 n.d. n.d. n.d.
M3 2009 300 150 21 [102] 4 (1.3) 1 (0.7) 0 29 (9.7) 7 (4.7) 2 [10] (2.0-9.8)
  2010 272 150 23 [106] 5 (1.8) 0 1 [5] (0.9-4.7) n.d. n.d. n.d.
R1 2009 263 129 20 [94] 0 0 0 13 (4.9) 9 (7.0) 0
  2010 238 150 11 [50] 2 (0.8) 0 0 n.d. n.d. n.d.
*R2 2009 213 145 14 [63] 2 (0.9) 0 1 [2] (1.6-3.2) 9 (4.2) 5 (3.4) 1 [1] (1.6)
I1 2009 328 156 19 [91] 0 0 0 16 (4.9) 11 (7.1) 2 [10] (2.2-11.0)
  2010 203 142 14 [70] 1 (0.5) 0 0 n.d. n.d. n.d.
*I2 2009 344 143 24 [109] 2 (0.6) 0 0 34 (9.9) 7 (4.9) 5 [25] (4.6-22.9)
*A 2009 166 83 19 [91] 0 0 0 10 (6.0) 8 (9.6) 4 [20] (4.4-22.0)
B 2009 235 141 21 [90] 3 (1.3) 2 (1.4) 0 21 (8.9) 14 (9.9) 0
  2010 162 150 5 [15] 0 2 (1.3) 0 n.d. n.d. n.d.
month           
*April 2009 330 85 3 [13] 0 0 0 15 (4.5) 2 (2.4) 0
May 2009 540 211 12 [51] 4 (0.7) 0 0 34 (6.3) 19 (9.0) 1 [5] (2.0-9.8)
  2010 300 150 6 [30] 0 1 (0.7) 0 n.d. n.d. n.d.
June 2009 531 261 42 [202] 3 (0.6) 3 (1.1) 0 50 (9.4) 25 (9.6) 2 [10] (1.0-5.0)
  2010 300 150 8 [39] 4 (1.3) 0 1 [5] (2.6-12.8) n.d. n.d. n.d.
July 2009 463 195 26 [115] 3 (0.6) 0 0 49 (10.6) 15 (7.7) 3 [15] (2.6-13.0)
  2010 257 150 9 [37] 1 (0.4) 1 (0.7) 0 n.d. n.d. n.d.
August 2009 396 228 43 [201] 3 (0.8) 0 1 [2] (0.5-1.0) 29 (7.3) 14 (6.1) 5 [21] (2.5-10.4)
  2010 187 142 14 [66] 3 (1.6) 0 0 n.d. n.d. n.d.
September 2009 235 210 40 [192] 0 0 0 11 (4.7) 6 (2.9) 5 [25] (2.6-13.0)
  2010 98 150 19 [78] 0 0 0 n.d. n.d. n.d.
total 2009 2495 1190 166 [774] 13 (0.5) 3 (0.3) 1 [2] (0.1-0.3) 188 (7.5) 81 (6.8) 16 [76] (2.1-9.8)
  2010 1142 742 56 [250] 8 (0.7) 2 (0.3) 1 [5] (0.4-2.0) n.d. n.d. n.d.
species      19 × B. EU1
1 × B. div/cap
1 × B. gibs-l.
4 × B. EU1
1 × B. div
2 × B. EU1 180 × R. helv
7 × R. mon IrR
1 × R. mon
77 × R. helv
4 × R. mon IrR
15 × R. helv
1 × R. mon IrR
  1. *no investigation in 2010; A: adult ticks, N: nymphs, L: larvae; n.d.: not detected; s.f.: sequence failed
  2. Species: B. EU1: Babesia sp. EU1; B. div: Babesia divergens; B. div/cap: Babesia divergens/capreoli; B. gibs-l.: B. gibsoni-like
  3. R. helv: Rickettsia helvetica; R. mon IrR: Rickettsia monacensis IrR/Munich; R. mon: Rickettsia monacensis