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Table 4 The occurrence of co-infections with canine TBD by city

From: A survey of canine tick-borne diseases in India

Pathogen species Delhi
(n = 57)
Mumbai
(n = 44)
B+E 7% 0%
B+H 7% 13.6%
B+A 1.8% 0%
E+H 28% 36.4%
E+A 7% 4.5%
E+M 14% 2.3%
H+A 3.5% 4.5%
H+M 5.3% 13.6%
B+E+H 0% 4.5%
B+H+A 0% 2.3%
B+H+M 1.8% 2.3%
E+H+A 5.3% 0%
E+H+M 8.7% 9.2%
E+A+M 3.5% 0%
H+A+M 1.8% 4.5%
E+H+A+M 5.3% 2.3%
  1. B: Babesia vogeli
  2. E: Ehrlichia canis
  3. H: Hepatozoon canis
  4. A: Anaplasma platys
  5. M: Mycoplasma haemocanis