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Table 1 Characteristics, knowledge and level of expenses for vector control and malaria treatment of households interviewed in Douala and Yaoundé

From: Awareness, attitudes and prevention of malaria in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé (Cameroon)

Categories Characteristics Douala Yaoundé Both cities
Households N interviewed 1053 1108 2161
  N households/district 81 79 80
  Mean person/household 5.2 ± 0.18 5.5 ± 0.16 5.37 ± 0.13
Cause of malaria Mosquitoes bites 799 (75.9%) 977 (88.2%) 1776 (82.2%)
  Other (witchcraft, dirty water, cold weather) 254 (24.1%) 131 (11.8%) 385 (17.8%)
Breeding sites Know 784 (74.4%) 929 (83.8%) 1713 (79.4%)
  Don't know 268 (25.6%) 177 (16.2%) 445 (20.6%)
Prevention Environmental sanitation 821 (78%) 824 (74.4%) 1645 (76.1%)
  Use of bed nets 673 (64%) 818 (73.8%) 1491 (69%)
  Insecticide spray/coils 172 (16.3%) 93 (8.4%) 265 (12.3%)
  Netting (doors or windows) 11 (1%) 31 (2.8%) 42 (1.9%)
  No preventive measure 197 (18.7%) 165 (14.9%) 362 (16.7%)
Problems of ITNs users Retreatment of expired ITNs 280 (41.6%) 422 (51.6%) 702 (47%)
  Feel hot under ITNs 43 (6.4%) 31 (3.8%) 74 (5%)
  No financial means to replace old nets 196 (29.1%) 170 (20.8%) 366 (24.5%)
  No financial means to provide nets to the family 139 (20.6%) 150 (18.3%) 289 (19.4%)
Origin of Bed nets Freely acquired 231 (34.3%) 289 (35.3%) 520 (34.9%)
  Bought 442 (65.7%) 529 (64.7%) 971 (65.1%)
Expenses (FCFA) For mosquito control 2266 ± 230 (3.4 Euros) 2507 ± 413 (3.8 Euros) 2377.38 ± 187 (3,6 Euros)
  For malaria treatment 4652 ± 352 (7.09 Euros) 4472 ± 544 (6.8 Euros) 4562 ± 322 (6.95 Euros)