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Table 5 Mean duration and survival rates of the immature stages of progeny from crosses between wild-caught F1's and MALPAN An. arabiensis (F = Field, Mal = MALPAN, ♀ = female, ♂ = male, × = crossed with)

From: Evaluating the potential of the sterile insect technique for malaria control: relative fitness and mating compatibility between laboratory colonized and a wild population of Anopheles arabiensis from the Kruger National Park, South Africa

Attributes Egg Stage Larval Stage L1-L4 Pupal Stage
  F♀
X
F♂
F♀
X
Mal♂
Mal♀
X
F♂
Mal♀
X
Mal♂
F♀
X
F♂
F♀
X
Mal♂
Mal♀
X
F♂
Mal♀
X
Mal♂
F♀
X
F♂
F♀
X
Mal♂
Mal♀
X
F♂
Mal♀
X
Mal♂
Egg-hatching rate (%)± SD 72.5 ± 25.8 57.9 ± 28.2 76.0 ± 21.1 82.6 ± 13.7 - - - - - - - -
Survival rate (%) ± SD - - - - 94.9 ± 4.9 95.6 ± 3.9 93.5 ± 6.0 86.2† ± 12.5 93.9 ± 5.8 96.7 ± 2.1 91.0 ± 7.5 93.9 ± 8.1
Duration of Immature stage ± SD 4.5 ± 0.4 4.4 ± 0.5 3.5 ± 0.9 2.9† ± 0.7 - - - - - - -  
% of females emerging - - - - - - - - 50.8 52.9 46.4 43.9
  1. † showed statistically significant difference