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Table 2 Percentage pupation and Hazard ratios of larvae exposed to tested formulations

From: Development of Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana formulations for control of malaria mosquito larvae

  Average % Pupation ± S.E.   
Formulation Control Treatment HR(95%CI) p value
Unformulated 47.6 ± 3.9 2.7 ± 1.8 1.8 (1.4-2.4) <0.001
White pepper 0 0 0.9 (0.7-1.2) 0.959
WaterSavr 67.2 ± 10.6 1.3 ± 0.6 2.7 (1.9-3.8) <0.001
Ondina oil 917 0 0 1.0 (0.8-1.2) 0.806
ShellSol T 85.4 ± 14.5 1.3 ± 0.6 3.7 (2.5-5.4) <0.001
  1. Average percentage pupation (±S.E.) of An. gambiae larvae exposed to unformulated spores and formulated Metarhizium anisopliae spores (n = 3). The carrier in each formulation (White pepper, WaterSavr, Ondina oil 917 or ShellSol T) served as the control. In case of unformulated spores the control was completely untreated. Carrier and Metarhizium anisopliae spores together formed the treatment. Hazard ratio's (HR) indicate the mortality risk in the treatments as compared to their respective controls