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Table 2 Associations of potential risk factors with moderate-to-heavy STH infections among aboriginal schoolchildren in Satak, Pahang (n = 254)

From: The burden of moderate-to-heavy soil-transmitted helminth infections among rural malaysian aborigines: an urgent need for an integrated control programme

Variables Moderate-to-heavy STH infections
  Prevalence (%) OR (95% CI) P
Age:    
   ≥ 10 years 62.3 1.23 (0.98, 1.56) 0.083
   < 10 years 51.5 1  
Gender:    
   Male 59.7 1.27 (0.78, 2.09) 0.348
   Female 53.8 1  
Fathers' education:    
   No formal education 59.7 1.27 (0.77, 2.09) 0.348
   ≥ 6 years formal education 53.8 1  
Mothers' education:    
   No formal education 59.6 1.27 (0.78, 2.12) 0.322
   ≥ 6 years formal education 53.4 1  
Household income:    
   < RM500/month (low) 59.4 1.34 (0.80, 2.24) 0.260
   ≥ RM500/month 52.1 1  
Family size:    
   > 7 members (large) 59.6 1.17 (0.64, 2.13) 0.609
   ≤ 7 members 55.8 1  
Toilet in house:    
   No 63.4 1.76 (1.07, 2.90) 0.027*
   Yes 49.6 1  
Source of drinking water:    
   Untreated (river, rain, well) 60.5 1.90 (1.14, 4.71) 0.013*
   Treated (Piped) 40.8 1  
Have domestic animals at household:    
   Yes 58.0 3.69 (1.01, 8.24) 0.044*
   No 27.3 1  
Play barefooted with the soil    
   Yes 60.8 1.55 (0.93, 2.58) 0.093
   No 50.0 1  
  1. OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval
  2. * Significant association (P ≤ 0.05)