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Table 1 Defining the dominant Anopheles vector species and species complexes of human malaria in the Asia-Pacific region.

From: The dominant Anopheles vectors of human malaria in the Asia-Pacific region: occurrence data, distribution maps and bionomic précis

Anopheline species or species
complex
White
[32]
Service
[522, 523]
Kiszewski
[524]
Mouchet
[525]
Malaria
epidemiology zone
(Bangs, unpub obs)
EO source
An. aconitus y y   y 8, 9, 10 [32] + TAG
An. annularis    y   8, 9, 10 TAG
An. balabacensis y y   y 10 [28, 32] + TAG
An. barbirostris*    y   8, 9, 10 [29, 32] + TAG
An. culicifacies* y y y y 6(?), 7, 8, 9, 10(?) [8, 32] + TAG
An. dirus* y y y y 9, 10 [8, 29, 32] + TAG
An. farauti* y y   y 12 [32] + TAG
An. flavirostris   y y y 10 [32] + TAG
An. fluviatilis* y y y y 8, 9 [8, 32] + TAG
An. koliensis   y   y 12 [32] + TAG
An. lesteri   y y y 9(?), 10 Harbach (unpub obs) + TAG
An. leucosphyrus & An. latens y y    10 [8, 28, 32] + TAG
An. maculatus group y y y y 8, 9, 10 [8, 32] + TAG
An. minimus* y y y y 8, 9, 10 [8, 32] + TAG
An. punctulatus*   y y y 12 [32] + TAG
An. sinensis* y y y y 4(?), 8(?), 9, 10, 11 [32] + TAG
An. stephensi    y y 6(?), 8, 9 [32] + TAG
An. subpictus* y y    8, 9, 10, 12 TAG
An. sundaicus* y y y y 9(?), 10 [8, 25] + TAG
  1. An asterisk (*) denotes that a "species" is now recognised as a species complex. Macdonald's malaria epidemiology zones [521] 6, Desert; 7, Ethiopian; 8, Indo-Persian; 9, Indo-Chinese Hills; 10, Malaysian; 11, Chinese 12, Australasian. A question mark (?) indicates uncertainty of presence in the listed zone. The final DVS species listed were defined during two separate Technical Advisory Group (TAG) meetings.