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Table 1 Characteristics of patients in two tuberculosis centres of Abidjan and schoolchildren in south Côte d'Ivoire who were examined for Paragonimus and other helminths and intestinal protozoa in 2009/2010, including risk factors for paragonimiasis and self-reported symptoms.

From: No Paragonimus in high-risk groups in Côte d'Ivoire, but considerable prevalence of helminths and intestinal protozoon infections

Characteristics Patients (n = 278) Children (n = 166)
Sex   
   Male 156 (56.1%) 94 (56.6%)
   Female 122 (43.9%) 72 (43.4%)
Age (years)   
   Mean 37.7 11.2
   Range 8-80 6-15
Risk factors of paragonimiasis (and helminths and intestinal protozoa)   
   Consumption of shellfish   
No 62 (22.3%) 3 (1.8%)
Yes 216 (77.7%) 163 (98.2%)
Boiled 204 (94.4%) 163 (100%)
Fried 10 (4.6%) 0
Braised 1 (0.5%) 0
Raw 1 (0.5%) 0
   Consumption of pig meat   
No 136 (48.9%) 7 (4.2%)
Yes 142 (51.1%) 159 (95.8%)
Boiled 94 (66.2%) 159 (100%)
Smoked 7 (5.0%) 0
Sausage 2 (1.4%) 0
Fried 1 (0.7%) 0
Boiled and smoked 25 (17.6%) 0
Boiled and braised 4 (2.8%) 0
Boiled and fried 2 (1.4%) 0
Boiled, braised and smoked 7 (5.0%) 0
   Source of drinking water   
Tap water 208 (74.8%) 96 (57.8%)
Water pump 6 (2.2%) 0
Water supplied by street vendors 57 (20.5%) 1 (0.6%)
Well 6 (2.2%) 69 (41.6%)
Other (creek, river) 1 (0.4%) 0
Symptoms   
   Chronic cough longer than three weeks 248 (89.2%) 87 (52.4%) *
   Chest pain 199 (71.6%) 62 (37.3%)
   Haemoptysis 52 (18.7%) 17 (10.2%) **
Sputum examination   
   BK+ 62 (22.3%) n.d.
BK+ in male 45 (28.8%) n.d
BK+ in female 17 (13.9%) n.d
  1. BK+, positive for tuberculosis; n.d., not determined
  2. * children who reported a cough
  3. ** children who reported brownish-stained sputum