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Table 1 Relationship between socio-economic characteristics and prevalence of schistosomiasis and geohelminthic infections in school children

From: Integrated community-directed intervention for schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminths in western Kenya – a pilot study

Socio-economic data n = 404 Frequency and distribution of parasites% (n)
  N % S. mansoni % (n) Any STH (HW, TT, Asc)% (n)
Water Contact: Lake Victoria     
Everyday 138 34.2 18.25 (23) 14.96 (19)
Sometimes 82 20.3 25.00 (17) 20.59 (14)
Rarely 64 15.9 12.96 (7) 25.93 (14)
Never 119 29.5 12.62 (13) 21.36 (22)
Pond or Dam     
Everyday 183 45.4 10.49 (17) 17.79 (29)
Sometimes 59 14.6 20.75 (11) 20.75 (11)
Rarely 35 8.7 17.24 (5) 34.48 (10)
Never 120 29.8 24.00 (24) 17.00 (17)
Creek or River     
Everyday 75 18.6 17.39 (12) 15.94 (11)
Sometimes 55 13.6 22.73 (10) 25.00 (11)
Rarely 43 10.7 14.63 (6) 21.95 (9)
Never 220 54.3 15.14 (28) 19.46 (36)
Drinking water     
Own pipe 23 5.7 8.70 (2) 17.39 (4)
Public pipe 106 26.3 11.32 (12) 20.75 (22)
Own Well 17 4.2 23.53 (4) 5.88 (1)
Public well 52 12.9 5.77 (3) 15.38 (8)
Rain water 65 16.1 10.77 (7) 6.15 (4)
River/canal 85 21.1 12.94 (11) 12.94 (11)
Other 121 30.0 18.18 (22) 11.57 (14)
Type of toilet     
Own flush 2 0.5 50.00 (1) 0
Shared flush 1 0.3 0 0
Pit latrine 244 60.3 12.30 (30) 17.62 (43)
VIP 1 0.3   
Bush/field 146 36.2 18.49 (27) 19.05 (24)
other 5 1.2 0 0
Housing     
Electricity 7 1.7 0 0
Fridge 1 0.3 0 0
Car 1 0.3 0 0
Telephone 142 35.2 17.65 (21) 21.74 (25)
Radio 344 85.1 17.06 (50) 19.73 (58)
Bicycle 285 70.5 18.57 (44) 18.91 (45)
TV 39 9.7 11.54 (3) 23.08 (6)
Motor bike 3 0.7 0 19.54 (68)
Domestic worker 27 6.7 9.09 (2) 22.73 (22)
SES quintile (1–4) 142 42.13 16.20 (23) 22.54 (32)
SES quintile (5) 195 57.86 15.38 (30) 18.46 (36)
  1. Socio-economic data was obtained by administering questionnaire to parents. HW – Hookworm, T.T – T. trichura, Asc. – A. lumbricoides, SES –socioeconomic status.