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Table 1 Previously identified infection rates of Babesia spp. in questing Ixodes ricinus in Germany

From: Babesia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in questing ticks, ticks parasitizing rodents and the parasitized rodents – Analyzing the host-pathogen-vector interface in a metropolitan area

Year of tick collection Location in Germany No. of ticks Average prevalence in% Detected species Method Target gene Reference
2003 North 127 0 n.a. Reverse Line Blot 18S rRNA [82]
2006-2007 Central 1,000 5.0 B. microti > B. divergens, Babesia spp. Conventional PCR 18S rRNA [83]
2007 Central 196 10.7 B. divergens/B. microti Conventional PCR 18S rRNA [79]
1999-2001 South 3,113 1.0 B. divergens > B. microti Conventional PCR 18S rRNA [78]
2003-2004 South 625 1.3 Piroplasmidae (not further specified) Real-time PCR 18S rRNA [84]
2009-2010 South 6,593 0.4 Babesia sp. EU1 > B. divergens, B. divergens/capreoli, B. gibsoni-like Conventional PCR 18S rRNA [18]
  1. n.a., not applicable.