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Table 2 Previously identified infection rates with Anaplasma phagocytophilum in questing Ixodes ricinus in Germany

From: Babesia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in questing ticks, ticks parasitizing rodents and the parasitized rodents – Analyzing the host-pathogen-vector interface in a metropolitan area

Year of tick collection Location in Germany No. of ticks Average prevalence in% Method Target gene Reference
2003 North 127b 3.9 Reverse Line Blot 16S rRNA [82]
2005 North 1,646c 3.2 Real-time PCR Msp2 a [85]
2003 Central 305c 2.3 Conventional PCR 16S rRNA [86]
2006-2007 Central 1,000c 5.4 Conventional PCR 16S rRNA [73]
2007 Central 196c 0 Conventional PCR 16S rRNA [79]
1999 South 492c 1.6 Conventional PCR 16S rRNA [87]
1999-2001 South 5,424 1.9 Nested PCR 16S rRNA [78]
2002 South 1,963 2.8 Nested PCR 16S rRNA [88]
2003-2004 South 625 4.5 Real-time PCR Msp2 a [84]
2006 South 2,862c 2.9 Real-time PCR Msp2 a [29]
2009-2010 South 5,569c 9.0 Real-time PCR Msp2 a [53]
1998 -2010 Total 20,209 4.3    
  1. a multicopy target.
  2. b only nymphs.
  3. c study incl. nymphs.