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Table 4 Infection rates with Babesia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in ticks from recreational areas within the city limits of Leipzig, Saxony and at comparative sites in Bavaria and the Saarland

From: Babesia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in questing ticks, ticks parasitizing rodents and the parasitized rodents – Analyzing the host-pathogen-vector interface in a metropolitan area

  I. ricinus D. reticulatus
      No. positive (%)     No. positive (%)
  Total no. investigated Babesiaspp. A. phagocytophilum Total no. investigated Babesiaspp.
Site F M N Total F M N Total F M N Total F M Total F M Total
E 45 56 6 107 0 (0) 4 (7.1) 1 (16.7) 5 (4.7) 7 (15.6) 5 (8.9) 0 (0) 12 (11.2) 309 190 499 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
F 6 4 10 20 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 29 21 50 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
G 6 2 13 21 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 111 80 191 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
H 74 53 45 172 8 (10.8) 6 (11.3) 1 (2.2) 15 (8.7) 2 (2.7) 2 (3.8) 0 (0) 4 (2.3) 48 16 64 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
I 81 104 34 219 0 (0) 1 (0.96) 1 (2.9) 2 (0.9) 10 (12.3) 18 (17.3) 3 (8.8) 31 (14.2) n. a. n. a. n. a. n. a. n. a. n. a.
Total Leipzig 212 219 108 539 9 (4.3) 11 (5.0) 3 (2.8) 22 (4.1) 1 x Bcap , 3 x B . sp. EU1, 18 x Bm 19 (9.0) 25 (11.4) 3 (2.8-3.7) 47 (8.7) 497 307 804 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Bavaria 42 58 28 128 4 (9.5) 3 (5.2) 0 (0) 7 (5.5) (2 x Bd , 2 x B. sp. EU1, 3 x Bm ) 1 (2.4) 10 (17.2) 1 (3.6) 12 (9.4) 95 40 135 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Saarlanda 43 36 36 115 2 (4.7) 4 (11.1) 1-2 (2.8-5.1) 7 (6.1) b 1 x B. sp. EU1, 4 x Bm , 2 x Ba 9 (21.0) 9 (25.0) 2-7 (5.6-19.4) 20 (17.4) b       
  1. Bcap, Babesia capreoli; Bd, Babesia divergens; B. sp. EU1, Babesia sp. EU1; Bm, Babesia microti; Ba, Babesia sp.
  2. a results of the D. reticulatus from the Saarland have been published elsewhere[14].
  3. b minimum infection rate: nymphs were investigated in pools of up to five - assuming that only one tick in the pool was infected.