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Table 1 Features of the trapping locations and general entomological results of the 3 year monitoring

From: Spatio-temporal occurrence of Culicoides biting midges in the climatic regions of Switzerland, along with large scale species identification by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry

Location (municipality) Coordinates1(N/E) Altitude1 Climate region2(specification) No. analysable trappings3 Total no. Culicoides/ other insects Overall Culicoides(%)
Obsoletus group Pulicaris group other Culicoides
Novazzano 270 South of the Alps4 (border to Italy) 97 19,307 / 132,004 88.5 1.8 9.7
 45°50'30"/8°58'46"
Dittingen 360 Eastern Jura mountain range (low altitude at northern slope) 109 149,439 / 113,677 98.6 1.0 0.4
 47°26'31"/7°29'46"
Commugny 420 Western lowlands (shore of lake Geneva) 150 6,933 / 247,425 94.8 3.1 2.1
 46°19'20"/6°10'24"
Granges 500 Wallis (low altitude inner alpine valley with east-west orientation) 140 11,329 / 33,972 91.8 6.6 1.6
 46°15'38"/7°27'52"
Wädenswil 620 North-eastern lowlands 145 64,358 / 144,627 94.4 4.0 1.6
 47°12'49"/8°39'53"
Mühlethurnen 670 Central lowlands 146 18,070 / 155,267 96.4 2.2 1.4
 46°48'50"/7°30'41"
Bennau 810 Northern slope of the Alps, central 112 24,009 / 164,150 91.4 7.2 1.4
 47°8'55"/8°43'45"
Château d’Oex 940 Northern slope of the Alps, west 148 32,990 / 119,144 83.4 12.5 4.1
 46°28'27"/7°7'48"
Chaumont 1,110 Western Jura mountain range (mountain top) 155 80,906 / 64,977 81.8 17.6 0.6
 47°1'38"/6°57'25"
Davos 1,560 North and Central Grisons (high altitude inner alpine valley with north-south orientation) 122 16,488 / 15,764 13.0 78.5 8.5
 46°47'59"/9°49'51"
Sils 1,800 Engadin (high altitude inner alpine valley with east-west orientation) 95 57,858 / 19,531 16.3 65.9 17.8
 46°25'48"/9°45'48"
Juf 2,130 North and central Grisons (highest permanently inhabited village in Europe) 155 65,715 / 68,564 2.0 85.8 12.2
 46°26'43"/9°34'45"
  1. Coordinates (latitude north/ longitude east) and altitudes (meters above sea level) according to Google Earth. Locations are listed in ascending order with regard to altitude. The six trapping locations with high sampling reliability (≥ 145 weekly catches) are in bold.
  2. 2 As defined and described[28].
  3. 3 Onderstepoort blacklight suction traps operated once per week, from approximately 2 h before dusk and until after dawn, for 3 years (no. = weeks, maximum number of trappings = 156).
  4. 4 Climate influenced by the Mediterranean Sea.