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Table 5 Pathogens prevalence according to province of origin (permanent and temporary sites all over the three years) and significant differences*

From: Occurrence and identification of risk areas of Ixodes ricinus-borne pathogens: a cost-effectiveness analysis in north-eastern Italy

  Friuli Venezia Giulia region Veneto region
provinces Pordenone
n = 47
Udine
n = 60
Treviso
n = 64
Vicenza
n = 10
Verona
n = 12
pathogens pos ticks % pos ticks % pos ticks % pos ticks % pos ticks %
Lyme agents: 14 29.8a 8 13.3a 10 15.6 - - 2 16.7
   B. valaisiana 3 6.4 2 3.3 5 7.8 - - 2 16.7
   B. afzelii 8 17.0b 2 3.3b - - - - - -
   B. garinii 2 4.3 3 5.0 3 4.7 - - - -
   B. burgdorferi s.s. 2 4.3 2 3.3 2 3.1 - - - -
R. helvetica 6 13.0 6 10.0 10 15.6 1 10.0 2 16.7
Ca. N. mikurensis 9 19.6 5 8.3 6 9.4 - - - -
R. monacensis 6 13.0c 1 1.7c - - - - - -
TBEv - - 4 6.7 - - - - - -
A. phagocytophilum - - 2 3.3 1 1.6 - - - -
Bartonella spp - - 1 1.7 1 1.6 - - - -
Babesia EU1 - - - - 1 1.6 - - - -
Total 36 76.6 ABCd 28 46.7 Ae 29 45.3 B 1 10.0 Ce 4 33.3 d
  1. * Equal letter corresponds to significant difference (lower case = p < 0.05; upper case = p < 0.01)