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Table 5 Positivity to single and mixed vector-borne agents among 557 apparently healthy and 628 CVBD-suspect dogs

From: Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis, Ehrlichia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma spp. and Leishmania infantum in apparently healthy and CVBD-suspect dogs in Portugal - a national serological study

Agents Healthy
(n)
% Suspect
(n)
%
Single agents 67 12.0a 218 34.7a
Di 17 3.1 30 4.8
Ec 14 2.5b 47 7.5b
Bb 1 0.2 1 0.2
Ap 16 2.9 20 3.2
Li 19 3.4c 120 19.1c
Mixed agents 11 2.0d 73 11.6d
Di + Ec 0 0.0e 6 0.9e
Di + Ap 0 0.0 2 0.3
Di + Li 2 0.4 7 1.1
Ec + Bb 0 0.0 1 0.2
Ec + Ap 5 0.9f 20 3.1f
Ec + Li 0 0.0g 17 2.7g
Bb + Li 0 0.0 1 0.2
Ap + Li 0 0.0h 6 0.9h
Di + Ec + Ap 1 0.2 6 0.9
Di + Ec + Li 0 0.0 3 0.5
Di + Ap + Li 0 0.0 1 0.2
Ec + Ap + Li 3 0.5 2 0.3
Di + Ec + Ap + Li 0 0.0 1 0.2
One or more agents 78 14.0i 291 46.3i
  1. Di: D. immitis; Ec: E. canis; Bb: B. burgdorferi s. l.; Ap: Anaplasma spp.; Li: L. infantum; a-i Statistically significant difference (p < 0.05).