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Table 2 Seropositivity for CVBD according to the epidemiological variables analyzed

From: Seropositivity rates for agents of canine vector-borne diseases in Spain: a multicentre study

Epidemiological variable CVBD
Positive/Total (%)
An Bb Ec Di Li
Age (years) <1 2/17 (11.8) 1/15 (6.7)** 6/15 (40)** 0/15 (0) 0/14 (0)
1-3 12/369 (3.2) 1/361 (0.3) 7/362 (1.9) 2/361 (0.5) 60/370 (16.2)
3-7 7/269 (2.6) 0/261 (0) 12/261 (4.6) 2/262 (0.8) 50/270 (18.5)
>7 7/307 (2.3) 2/305 (0.6) 23/307 (7.5) 6/305 (2) 44/327 (13.5)
Unknown 2/14 (14.3) 0/14 (0) 0/14 (0) 2/14 (14.3) 2/14 (14.3)
  p value p = 0.14 p = 0.001 p < 0.001 p = 0.3 p = 0.14
Sex Male 21/531 (4) 3/526 (0.6) 23/528 (4.4) 9/527 (1.7) 94/546 (17.2)
Female 9/445 (2) 1/430 (0.2) 25/431 (5.8) 3/430 (0.7) 62/449 (13.8)
  p value p = 0.08 p = 0.16 p = 0.4 p = 0.14 p = 0.16
Clinical signs Asymptomatic 9/433 (2.1) 0/416 (0) 7/417 (1.7) 2/416 (0.5) 19/449 (4.2)
Symptomatic 19/506 (3.8) 3/503 (0.6) 38/505 (7.5)** 9/504 (1.8) 133/513 (25.9)**
Unknown 2/37 (5.4) 1/37 (2.7) 3/37 (8.1) 1/37 (2.7) 4/33 (12.1)
  p value p = 0.13 p = 0.11 p < 0.001 p = 0.07 p < 0.001
Place of abode Indoor 6/360 (1.7) 0/346 (0) 14/346 (4) 2/346 (0.6) 26/354 (7.3)
Outdoor 18/357 (5)* 1/355 (0.3) 22/355 (6.2) 5/355 (1.4) 86/362 (23.8)**
Mixed 5/256 (2) 3/252 (1.2) 12/255 (4.7) 5/253 (2) 43/276 (15.6)
Unknown 1/3 (5.2) 0/3 (0) 0/3 (0) 0/3 (0) 1/3 (5.2)
  p value p = 0.01 p = 0.07 p = 0.23 p = 0.28 p < 0.001
  1. * p < 0.05; **p < 0.001. Abbreviations: An, Anaplasma phagocytophilum/Anaplasma platys; Bb, Borrelia burgdorferi; Ec, Ehrlichia canis; Di, Dirofilaria immitis; Li, Leishmania infantum.