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Table 3 Tick hosts and ecology in Belgium (details in Additional file 2 )

From: Spatial disaggregation of tick occurrence and ecology at a local scale as a preliminary step for spatial surveillance of tick-borne diseases: general framework and health implications in Belgium

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I. ricinus Canis lupus familiaris, Felis silvestris catus, Erinaceus europaeus, Bos taurus, Homo sapiens, Capreolus capreolus, Carduelis chloris, Cervus elaphus, Parus major, Cyanistes caeruleus, Anthus pratensis, Anthus trivialis, Apodemus sylvaticus, Clethrionomys glareolus, Erithacus rubecula, Hippolais icterina, Sturnus vulgaris, Talpea europaea, Turdus ericetorum, Phylloscopus erolius, Turdus pilaris, Turdus merula, Phylloscopus inornatus, Turdus iliacus, Sitta europea, Ficedula hypoleuca, Fringilla coelebs, Lacerta vivipara, Bubo bubo Plant species: Fagus sylvatica, Carpinus betulus(hornbeam), Betula pendula (birch), Quercus robur (oak), Quercus petraea (oak), Castanea sativa, Anemone nemorosa, Convallaria majalis, Prunus padus, Pteridium aquilinum, Athyrium filix-femina, Calamagrostis epigejos, Calluna vulgaris, Cytisus scoparius, Dryopteris filix-mas, Sorbus aucuparia, Cytisus scoparius, Holcus lanatus, Holcus mollis, Juncus effusus, Molinia caerulea, Persicaria hydropiper, Urtica dioica, Acer pseudoplatanus, Convallaria majalis, Maianthemum bifolium, Carpinus sp.., Corylus avellana, Cerasus sp, Sambucus nigra,Crataegus monogyna, Vaccinium myrtillus / Pinus, Hedera helix, Rubus fructicosus, Quercus robur & Carpinus sp., Molinia caerulea
   Soils: loam or silt with limestone, clay and limestone or schists, leaf litter, schist in Famenne, limestone from Givet, sandstone, poor acid sandy soils, siliceous rock, nettles, impermeable clay soils
   Habitat: grazed pasture, forest ecotone, mixed acidophilous to acidophilous oak stands, birch stand with eagle fern, grassy path, garden, urban parcs, forest, dense thicket of beech, forest secondary pine poor acid sandy soils
D. reticulatus Capreolus capreolus, Cervus elaphus, Homo sapiens, Canis lupus familiaris Plant species: grasses, hawthorn, blackthorn (Prunus spinosa), brambles blackberry (Rubus fruticosus), birch (Betula pendula), mixture of grasses, hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), woodland (mainly Picea abies), ferns (Pteridium aquilinum), jennets (Genista scorpius), oak (Quercus robur)
   Habitat: Fallow land, marshland, pasture used for grazing, woodland open
I. hexagonus Felis silvestris catus, Canis lupus familiaris, Ericaneus europeus, Cervus elaphus, mustela putorius Rabbit burrow, in herbis, in grassy nest, in house, burrow of Meles meles, endolithe nest of Coloeus monedula, pasture with edges or forest, impermeable clay soils, cave, burrow of fox
I. canisuga Polecat: Mustela putorius Riparian nest
I. trianguliceps Rodents, Rattus rattus, Rattus norvegicus, Apodemus sylvaticus, Clethrionomys glareolus Burrow of rodents
I. acuminatus Rodents: Apodemus sylvaticus  
I. frontalis Birds: Parus major, Turdus merula, Sylvia atricapilla, Cyanistes caeruleus, Sturnus vulgaris, Parus montanus, Turdus viscivoru It is sometimes found in understorey vegetation, experimental nest box
I. arboricola Birds: Parus major, Cyanistes caeruleus, Sitta europea, Corvus monedula Occurs in particular in bird nests inside cavities (like tree-holes for example), nest, Delichon urbica nest, experimental nest box
I. lividus Birds: Riparia riparia Riparia riparia (nest)
R. sanguineus Canis lupus familiaris house
A. reflexus Columba livia flat, house, dovecot
A.. vespertilionis Bats: Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Eptesicus serotinus, rhinocephalus hipposideros  
I. vespertilionis Bats: Rhinolophus hipposideros, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Barbastelle, Myotis myotis Cave wall and on stalagmites
H.aegyptium Tortoise: Testudo graeca, Testudo mauritanica