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Table 2 Factors associated with T. gondii infection among pregnant women (N=350) in Mwanza

From: Sero-prevalence and factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Mwanza, Tanzania

Patient’s characteristic Toxoplasma sero-prevalence Univariate Multivariate
Positive Negative OR [95% CI] p-value OR [95% CI] p-value
n (%) n (%)
Age (years)       
  15-24 38 (21.8) 136 (78.2) 1   1  
  25-34 61 (40.1) 91 (59.9) 2.4 [1.5-3.9] <0.001 2.2 [1.4-3.7] 0.001
  35-44 10 (41.7) 14 (58.3 2.6 [1.1-6.2] 0.038 2.3 [0.9-5.7] 0.070
Residence       
  Rural 41 (22.0) 145 (78.0) 1   1  
  Urban 68 (41.5) 96 (58.5) 2.5 [1.6-4.0] <0.001 2.2 [1.4-3.7] 0.001
Occupation       
  Peasant 57 (25.9) 163 (74.1) 1    
  Employed/Business 52 (40.0) 78 (60.0) 1.9 [1.2-3.0] 0.006 - -
Education       
  Illiterate 7 (33.3) 14 (66.7 1    
  Primary 66 (27.2) 177 (72.8) 0.7 [0.3-1.9] 0.545 - -
  Secondary/above 36 (41.9) 50 (58.1) 1.4 [0.5-3.9] 0.476 - -
Unsafe water       
  Yes 62 (28.1) 159 (71.9) 1   1  
  No 47 (36.4) 82 (63.6) 1.5 [0.9-2.3] 0.103 1.2 [0.7-1.9] 0.541
Gravidity       
  Primigravid 33 (29.5) 79 (70.5) 1    
  Multigravid 61 (32.5) 127 (67.5) 1.1 [0.7-1.9] 0.590 - -
  Grandmultigravid 15 (30.0) 35 (70.0) 1.0 [0.5-2.1] 0.945 - -
Undercooked meat       
  Yes 48 (28.4) 121 (71.6) 1    
  No 61 (33.7) 120 (66.2) 1.3 [0.8-2.0] 0.285 - -
Contacts with Cat       
  No 64 (32.6) 132 (67.4) 1    
  Yes 45 (29.2) 109 (70.8) 0.9 [0.5-1.3] 0.491 - -