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Table 5 Locations in Thailand with Culex quinquefasciatus populations tested against insecticides using the WHO standard contact assay (2000–2011)

From: Review of insecticide resistance and behavioral avoidance of vectors of human diseases in Thailand

Insecticide Location (province-district) Geographic coordinates (DMS) Sources
DDT Chiang Mai- Mueang 18°47′N 99°1′E Prapanthadara et al. 2000[96]
  Chiang Mai-Mueang 18°46′N 98°57′E Somboon et al. 2003[93]
  Chiang Mai-San Kampaeng 18°44′43″N 99°7′13″E  
  Lampang-Mueang 18°17′31″N 99°30′16″E  
  Nan-Tha Wang Pha 19°7′35″N 100°48′53″E  
  Nonthaburi-Baan Suan 13°51′N 100°29′E Sathantriphop et al. 2006[113]
  Bangkok-Phom Pabsatupai 13°44′N 100°29′E Thanispong et al. 2008[14]
  Nonthaburi-Mueang 13°50′N 100°31′E  
  Pathum Thani-Lad Lumkeaw 14°02′N 100°24′E  
Deltamethrin Phang-Nga- Keuk-kak 8°41′47.2″N 98°15′28.6″E Komalamisra et al. 2006[114]
  Nonthaburi-Baan Suan 13°51′N 100°29′E Sathantriphop et al. 2006[106]
  Nonthaburi-Muenng 13°50′N 100°29″E Sathantriphop et al. 2006[113]
  Tak-Mae Sot 16°47′N 98°36′E  
  Bangkok-Pom Prab Satru Phai 13°45′N 100°30′E  
  (laboratory strain) in 1978   
Etofenprox Chiang Mai-Mueang 13°19′N 100°55′E Somboon et al. 2003[93]
  Nan-Tha Wang Pha 19°7′35″N 100°48′53″E  
Fenitrothion Nonthaburi-Baan Suan 13°51′N 100°29′E Sathantriphop et al. 2006[106]
Malathion Nan-Tha Wang Pha 19°7′35″N 100°48′53″E Somboon et al. 2003[93]
Permethrin Phang-Nga Keuk-kak 8°41′47.2″N 98°15′28.6″E Komalamisra et al. 2006[114]
  Nonthaburi-Baan Suan 13°51′N 100°29′E Sathantriphop et al. 2006[106]
  Nonthaburi-Mueang 13°50′N 100°31′E Thanispong et al. 2008[14]
  Pathum Thani-Lad Lumkeaw 14°02′N 100°24′E  
Propoxur Nonthaburi-Baan Suan 13°51′N 100°29′E Sathantriphop et al. 2006[106]
  Nonthaburi-Mueang 13°50′30″N 100°29′45″E Sathantriphop et al. 2006[113]