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Table 6 Evidence of behavioral avoidance responses to insecticides in Anopheles populations in Thailand (2000–2011)

From: Review of insecticide resistance and behavioral avoidance of vectors of human diseases in Thailand

Species Field/Lab Dose Insecticide Location Published source
     (province-district)  
Anopheles minimus A* Lab 2.00 g/m2 DDT Phrae-Rong Klang Chareonviriyaphap et al. 2001[125]
   0.0625 g/m2 Deltamethrin Phrae-Rong Klang  
   0.0369 g/m2 Lambdacyhalothrin Phrae-Rong Klang  
Anopheles minimus complex Field 2.00 g/m2 DDT Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
   0.0625 g/m2 Deltamethrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
   0.0369 g/m2 Lambdacyhalothrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
Anopheles minimus A* Lab 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Phrae-Rong Klang Chareonviriyaphap et al. 2004[70]
Anopheles dirus B† Lab 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Chantaburi-Ban Paung  
Anopheles minimus complex Field 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
Anopheles maculatus B‡ Lab 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Tak-Mae Sot  
Anopheles swadwongporni Field 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
Anopheles dirus complex Field 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
Anopheles minimus A* Field 2.00 g/m2 DDT Tak-Mae-Sot Potikasikorn et al. 2005[127]
   0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Tak-Mae-Sot  
   0.03 g/m2 Lambdacyhalothrin Tak-Mae-Sot  
Anopheles minimus Field 2.00 g/m2 DDT Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
   0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
   0.03 g/m2 Lambdacyhalothrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
Anopheles maculatus Field 2.00 g/m2 DDT Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy Muenworn et al. 2006[137]
   0.5 g/m2 Permethrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
Anopheles swadwongporni Field 2.00 g/m2 DDT Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
   0.5 g/m2 Permethrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
Anopheles minimus A* Field 0.04 g/m2 Cypermethrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy Pothikasikorn et al. 2007[138]
   0.04 g/m2 Carbaryl Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
   0.19 g/m2 Malathion Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
Anopheles minimus Field 0.04 g/m2 Cypermethrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
   0.04 g/m2 Carbaryl Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
   0.19 g/m2 Malathion Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy  
Anopheles harrisoni Field 0.03 g/m2 Bifenthrin Kanchanaburi-Pu Teuy Tisgratog et al. 2011[139]
Anopheles minimus Field 0.03 g/m2 Bifenthrin Tak-Mae Sot  
  1. With the exception of one population (An. minimus s.s. in Tak Province/Mae Sot District to DDT) all species show contact excitation (irritancy) as the predominant response versus noncontact spatial repellency.
  2. *Published as Anopheles minimus A, now formally named Anopheles minimus s.s.; †Anopheles dirus B now as Anopheles crascens; ‡Anopheles maculatus B as Anopheles maculatus s.s.[66] and § Anopheles minimus C as Anopheles harrisoni.