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Table 7 Evidence of behavioral avoidance responses in Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus to insecticides in Thailand (2000 – 2011)

From: Review of insecticide resistance and behavioral avoidance of vectors of human diseases in Thailand

Species Field/Lab Dose Insecticide Location Published source
Aedes aegypti Field 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Bangkok Kongmee et al. 2004[126]
Aedes aegypti Field 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Pathum Thani  
Aedes aegypti Field 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Nonthaburi  
Aedes aegypti Lab 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Ayutthaya  
Aedes aegypti Lab 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Bangkok  
Aedes aegypti Lab 0.25 g/m2 Permethrin Nonthaburi Paeporn et al. 2007[97]
Aedes aegypti Field 0.025 g/m2 Alphacypermethrin Kanchanaburi Thanispong et al. 2009[140]
   2.00 g/m2 DDT Kanchanaburi  
Aedes aegypti Field 0.025 g/m2 Alphacypermethrin Chiang Mai  
   2.00 g/m2 DDT Chiang Mai  
Aedes aegypti Lab 0.025 g/m2 Alphacypermethrin USDA  
   2.00 g/m2 DDT USDA  
Aedes aegypti Field 0.010% Deltamethirn Kanchanaburi Mongkalagoon et al. 2009[141]
   0.0113% Cyphenothrin Kanchanaburi  
   2.091% d-Tetramethrin Kanchanaburi  
   2.377% Tetramethrin Kanchanaburi  
Aedes aegypti Field 0.05% Alphacypermethrin Chiang Mai Thanispong et al. 2010[142]
   0.05% Deltamethrin Chiang Mai  
   0.25% Permethrin Chiang Mai  
   4.00% DDT Chiang Mai  
Aedes aegypti Field 0.05% Alphacypermethrin Kanchanaburi  
   0.05% Deltamethrin Kanchanaburi  
   0.25% Permethrin Kanchanaburi  
   0.25% DDT Kanchanaburi  
Aedes aegypti Field 0.05% Alphacypermethrin Khon Kean  
   0.05% Deltamethrin Khon Kean  
   0.25% Permethrin Khon Kean  
   4.00% DDT Khon Kean  
Aedes aegypti Field 0.05% Alphacypermethrin Nonthaburi  
   0.05% Deltamethrin Nonthaburi  
   0.25% Permethrin Nonthaburi  
   4.00% DDT Nonthaburi  
Aedes aegypti Field 0.05% Alphacypermethrin Songkhla  
   0.05% Deltamethrin Songkhla  
   0.25% Permethrin Songkhla  
   4.00% DDT Songkhla  
Aedes aegypti Field 0.05% Alphacypermethrin Satun  
   0.05% Deltamethrin Satun  
   0.25% Permethrin Satun  
   4.00% DDT Satun  
Culex quinquefasciatus Field 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Nonthaburi  
   0.20 g/m2 Fenitrothion Nonthaburi  
   0.20 g/m2 Propoxur Nonthaburi Sathantriphop et al. 2006[113]
Culex quinquefasciatus Field 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Tak  
   0.20 g/m2 Fenitrothion Tak  
   0.20 g/m2 Propoxur Tak  
Culex quinquefasciatus Lab 0.02 g/m2 Deltamethrin Nonthaburi  
   0.20 g/m2 Fenitrothion Nonthaburi  
   0.20 g/m2 Propoxur Nonthaburi  
  1. All species show contact excitation (irritancy) as the predominant response versus noncontact spatial repellency.