Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the six wards in Ilala District, Dar es Salaam, included in the study

From: Urban lymphatic filariasis in the metropolis of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Ward Distance from city centrea Population densityb Brief description Water and sanitary facilitiesc
Mchikichini 3.8 km 21,980 Belongs to old part of city centre. Has of late turned into an area with many high business/residential buildings, but also has many poor concrete houses. Busy business area during daytime. Some parts with piped water from DAWASCOd. Majority rely on bore holes for water. Old underground sewerage system.
Buguruni 6.6 km 21,730 Congested unplanned densely populated residential/commercial area, mainly with poor houses. Some small-scale industries. Established as part of the city in the 1940’s. No central supply of piped water. Majority rely on privately owned bore holes and shallow wells. DAWASCO also has water kiosks.
Vingunguti 7.1 km 25,570 Congested unplanned densely populated residential/commercial area, mainly with poor houses. Established as industrial and city farming area in 1960’s; later also grew into a residential area. No central supply of piped water. Private and government owned bore holes, and traditional hand dug shallow wells.
Ukonga 15.2 km 3,490 Mixture of houses, from newly well-built to poor mud houses. Established as part of the city in 1970’s. Small part with piped water from DAWASCO. Majority rely on private bore holes and shallow wells. Buying of water from vendors common.
Majohe 20.5 km 5,010 Unplanned non-surveyed fast-growing new settlement. Most houses good and well built, though there are few poor ones. Established as part of the city in 1990’s. No central supply of piped water. Private bore holes and hand dug wells common.
Chanika 30.8 km 470 Peri-urban. With the rapid expansion of city has recently turned into a residential area. Houses ranging from newly built to poor mud houses. Some small-scale farming. No central supply of piped water. Private and government owned bore holes. Hand dug wells common. Also water from streams.
  1. a) Straight line from Askari Monument to the six study schools.
  2. b) Inhabitants per km2, based on 2012 census.
  3. c) Unless otherwise specified, sewerage facilities mainly comprise of open drains, cesspits and septic tanks. Pit latrines of various types are most common sanitary facilities in all six wards.
  4. d) Dar es Salaam Water and Sewerage Company.