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Table 4 Responses from questionnaire-based assessment of the occurrence and naming of elephantiasis and hydrocele in the study population in Luangwa District

From: Lymphatic filariasis in Luangwa District, South-East Zambia

Questions and responses No. responses (%)
Is this condition (elephantiasis)* found in Luangwa District? (n=262)  
Yes 207 (79.0)
No 55 (21.0)
Is this condition (hydrocele)* found in Luangwa District? (n=261)  
Yes 197 (75.5)
No 64 (24.5)
What is elephantiasis called in your local language? (n=262)  
Nsakasa 209 (79.8)
Other 12 (4.5)
Don’t know 41 (15.7)
What is hydrocele called in your local language? (n=262)  
Nchofu 56 (21.4)
Ntumbo 37 (14.1)
Pholo 19 (7.2)
Other 19 (7.3)
Don’t know 131 (50.0)
How does one get elephantiasis? (n=262)  
Mosquito bite 76 (29.0)
Witchcraft 45 (17.2)
Walking barefoot 25 (9.5)
Sexually transmitted 19 (7.3)
Other 12 (4.6)
Don’t know 85 (32.4)
How does one get hydrocele? (n=262)  
Mosquito bite 71 (27.1)
Witchcraft 30 (11.5)
Sexually transmitted 30 (11.5)
Inherited 18 (6.9)
Walking barefoot 13 (4.9)
Other 25 (9.5)
Don’t know 75 (28.5)
How are individuals with elephantiasis perceived? (n=262)  
Same as everyone 131 (50.0)
Compassion 87 (33.2)
Other 17 (6.5)
Don’t know 27 (10.3)
How are individuals with hydrocele perceived? (n=262)  
Same as everyone 130 (49.6)
Compassion 89 (33.9)
Other 14 (5.4)
Don’t know 29 (11.1)
  1. n indicates total number of individuals responding.
  2. *) Photograph of manifestation shown.