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Table 1 Effect of single diet ingredients on life parameters of Anopheles stephensi

From: Development of inexpensive and globally available larval diet for rearing Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes

Diet ingredient Larval duration (days) Time L1 to adult (days) Survival of L1 to pupa (%) Survival of L1 to adult (%)
Bovine Liver 9.75 ± 0.25 cd 11.75 ± 0.25 bcd 83.33 ± 2.00 a 74.17 ± 1.36 ab
Baker’s Yeast Saccharomyas cerevisiae 14.25 ± 0.49 a 16.25 ± 0.47 a 69.17 ± 3.19 bc 64.17 ± 1.10 b
Corn Zea maiz 8.25 ± 0.25 d 10.25 ± 0.25 d 80.83 ± 1.59 ab 78.33 ± 2.82 a
Mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus 15.50 ± 0.64 a 17.50 ± 0.53 a 60.0 ± 0.92 c 45.83 ± 0.2.01 c
Chickpea Cicer arietinum L. 9.25 ± 0.24 d 11.25 ± 0.25 cd 79.17 ± 1.44 ab 75.0 ± 1.44 ab
Bean Phaseolus volgaris 11.75 ± 0.25 b 13.25 ± 0.25 b 80.83 ± 1.36 ab 76.77 ± 1.44 ab
Rice (Oryza sativa L) 11.50 ± 0.29 b 13.50 ± 0.29 b 71.67 ± 2.50 abc 70.83 ± 1.04 ab
Wheat Triticum aestivum 11.25 ± 0.25 bc 13.00 ± 0.26 bc 70.83 ± 1.59 bc 69.17 ± 1.35 ab
  1. For each parameter, means followed by the same letter within a column are not significantly different (P > 0.05; Tukey’s HSD test using Statistix 8.1); NS, not significant.