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Table 3 Effect of combination larval diets on life parameters of Anopheles stephensi

From: Development of inexpensive and globally available larval diet for rearing Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes

   Quantity of food (mg) provided/ day
Variable Food (code) 2 3 4 5 6
Larval duration (days) Bean + corn + chickpea + liver (BCPL) 11.0 ± 0.4 a 10.7 ± 0.5 a 8.5 ± 0.3 b 8.0 ± 0 bc 7.7 ± 0.2 bc
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + liver (BCWPL) 10.7 ± 0.5 a 8.5 ± 0.3 b 8.2 ± 0.2 bc 7.0 ± 0 c 7.0 ± 0 c
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + rice + liver (BCWPRL) 10.7 ± 0.5 a 8.2 ± bc 7.0 ± 0 c 7.0 ± 0 c 7.2 ± bc
Time L1 to adult (days) Bean + corn + chickpea + liver (BCPL) 12.5 ± 0.3 a 12.5 ± 0.3 a 10.5 ±0.3 b 10.0 ± 0.2bc 9.7 ± 0.2 bc
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + liver (BCWPL) 12.5 ± 0.3 a 10.5 ± 0.3 b 10.2 ± 0.2 bc 9.0 ±0.3 bc 9.5 ± 0.3 bc
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + rice + liver (BCWPRL) 12.5 ± 0.3 a 10.2 ± 0.2bc 9.5 ± 0.3 bc 9.5 ± 0 c 9.25 ± 0.2bc
Survival of L1 to pupa (%) Bean + corn + chickpea + liver (BCPL) 75.8 ± 1.6 c 76.6 ± 1.4 c 78.3 ± 2.1 c 88.3 ± 2.1 a 79.1 ± 1.6 bc
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + liver (BCWPL) 76.6 ± 1.4 c 78.3 ± 2.1 c 79.1 ± 2.1 bc 87.5 ± 1.6 a 87.5 ± 1.6 ab
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + rice + liver (BCWPRL) 76.6 ± 1.4 c 79.1 ± 2.1 bc 89.1 ± 1.6 a 89.1 ± 1.6 ab 88.3 ± 1.4 a
Survival of L1 to adult (%) Bean + corn + chickpea + liver (BCPL) 73.3 ± 2.3 c 74.1 ± 2.1 c 75.0 ± 2.1 c 87.4 ± 2.5 a 75.0 ± 2.1 c
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + liver (BCWPL) 74.1 ± 2.1 c 75.0 ± 2.1 c 75.8 ± 1.6 bc 86.3 ± 2.1 a 86.6 ± 1.4 a
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + rice + liver (BCWPRL) 74.1 ± 2.1 c 75.8 ± 1.6 bc 88.3 ± 2.1 a 88.1 ± 1.4 a 85.8 ± 1.6 ab
Fecundity (Eggs/female) Bean + corn + chickpea + liver (BCPL) 101.8 ± 1.5ab 111.3 ± 8.9 ab 115.3 ± 10.5 ab 134.9 ± 3.9 a 117.5 ± 8.7 ab
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + liver (BCWPL) 114.6 ± 6.9 ab 103.9 ± 5.3 ab 104.1 ± 5.1 ab 108.0 ± 6.7 ab 129.7 ± 0.2 ab
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + rice + liver (BCWPRL) 92.5 ± 6.3 b 100.7 ± 1. 8 ab 113.8 ± 9.4 ab 125.4 ± 12.7 ab 105.7 ± 14.7 ab
Male Size (mm) Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea (BCWP) 2.98 ± 0.13 bcd 2.80 ± 0.11d 3.28 ± 0.14 abc 3.26 ± 0.18 abc 3.32 ± 0.2 abc
Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + liver (BCWPL) 2.94 ± 0.15 cd 3.10 ± 0.15 abcd 3.50 ± 0.12 a 3.26 ± 0.18 abc 3.38 ± 0.10ab
  Bean + corn + wheat + chickpea + rice + liver (BCWPRL) 3.14 ± 0.08 abcd 3.26 ± 0.05 abc 3.42 ± 0.20 a 3.50 ± 0.17 a 3.42 ± 0.20 a
  1. Within each variable, means followed by the same letter are not significantly different (P > 0.05; Tukey’s HSD test using Statistix 8.1).