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Table 7 Preventive measures recommended by veterinarians in endemic and non-endemic areas of CanL and public health implications

From: Management of canine leishmaniosis in endemic SW European regions: a questionnaire-based multinational survey

Preventive measures
Question answered France % Greece % Italy % Slovenia % Spain % Portugal % Total
  Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
1 94.8 5.2 96.9 3.1 98.6 1.4 73.5 2 90.1 0 96 4 91.6 2.6
2 93.6 6.4 95.7 4.3 75.2 24.8 55.1 2 87.5 0.8 95 5 83.7 7.2
3  
3.1 64.1 35.9 57.4 42.6 50.7 49.3 Nd nd nd nd 100 0 45.4 21.3
3.2 nd nd 48.9 51.1 41.3 58.7 Nd nd nd nd 100 0 31.7 18.3
3.3 4.1 95.9 13.2 86.8 8 92 Nd nd nd nd nd nd 4.2 45.8
Vaccination
4 98.7 1.3 90.8 0.0 100 0 Nd nd 100 0 95 5 96.9 1.3
5 94 6 93 0.0 100 0 Nd nd 99 1 95 5 96.2 2.4
6 92.9 7.1 91.2 8.8 72.6 27.4 Nd nd 92.7 0.3 100 0 89.9 8.7
Public health implications
7 73.6 26.4 98.5 1.5 93.5 6.5 40.7 8.2 94.6 5.4 63 37 77.3 14.2
8 88.6 11.4 100 0 96.5 3.5 46.9 6.1 97.8 2.2 40 60 78.3 13.9
9 4 96 7.6 92.4 13.7 86.3 0 61.2 14.3 85.7 0 100 6.6 86.9
  1. Questions: (1) Do you recommend the use of insecticides/repellents for dogs living in an endemic area?, (2) Do you recommend the use of insecticides/repellents for dogs moving to a non endemic area?, (3) Do you recommend any other prophylactic measures for dogs in an endemic area?, (3.1) Keeping dogs indoors at night, (3.2) Fine-mesh nets, (3.3) Environmental pesticides, (4) Would you use an effective and safe vaccine for dogs living in an endemic area?, (5) Would you use an effective and safe vaccine in a dog moving to an endemic area?, (6) Would you use an effective and safe vaccine in combination with other prophylactic measures?, (7) Are dog owners aware of the public health implications of CanL?, (8) Do you inform owners about the public health implications of CanL?, (9) Are you aware of any cases of simultaneous dog-owner infection?; nd: not determined.