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Table 1 Comparison of prevalence of FVBD pathogens in different groups of cats from southern Portugal

From: Bacterial and protozoal agents of feline vector-borne diseases in domestic and stray cats from southern Portugal

Variable/category Nº of tested cats (%) N° of positive cats (%)
Anaplasma/Ehrlichia Babesia Bartonella B. burgdorferi s.l. Hepatozoon Leishmania ≥ 1 positive PCR
Gender 649        
Female 372 (57.3) 18 (4.8) 31 (8.3) 11 (3.0) 9 (2.4) 32 (8.6) 44 (11.8) 122 (32.8)
Male 277 (42.7) 17 (6.1) 12 (4.3) 8 (2.9) 5 (1.8) 24 (8.7) 20 (7.2) 72 (26.0)
Breed 484        
DSH 432 (89.3) 22 (5.1) 22 (5.1)* 10 (2.3) 4 (0.9) 31 (7.2) 33 (7.6) 109 (25.2)
Other breed 52 (10.7) 1 (1.9) 10 (19.2)* 2 (3.8) 1 (1.9) 3 (5.8) 7 (13.5) 19 (36.5)
Lifestyle 649        
Domestic 320 (49.3) 9 (2.8)* 28 (8.8)* 5 (1.6) 3 (0.9) 24 (7.5) 33 (10.3) 91 (28.4)
Stray 329 (50.7) 26 (7.9)* 15 (4.6)* 14 (4.3) 11 (3.3) 32 (9.7) 31 (9.4) 103 (31.3)
Age (months) 462        
[3-11] 129 (27.9) 5 (3.9) 13 (10.1) 4 (3.1) 1 (0.8) 3 (2.3)* 6 (4.7)a 27 (20.9)
[12-59] 216 (46.8) 10 (4.6) 13 (6.0) 6 (2.8) 0 (0.0) 17 (7.9) 14 (6.5)b 54 (25.0)
[60-228] 117 (25.3) 5 (4.3) 5 (4.3) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.7) 11 (9.4)* 16 (13.7)a,b 35 (29.9)
Acaricides-insecticides 568        
Yes 204 (35.9) 5 (2.5) 4 (2.0)* 3 (1.5) 3 (1.5) 11 (5.4)* 27 (13.2)* 51 (25.0)*
No 364 (64.1) 22 (6.0) 37 (10.2)* 16 (4.4) 10 (2.7) 42 (11.5)* 28 (7.7)* 126 (34.6)*
Region 649        
Lisbon 386 (59.5) 18 (4.7) 9 (2.3)* 8 (2.1) 3 (0.8)* 25 (6.5)* 31 (8.0) 85 (22.0)*
Algarve 263 (40.5) 17 (6.5) 34 (12.9)* 11 (4.2) 11 (4.2)* 31 (11.8)* 33 (12.5) 109 (41.4)*
Habitat 649        
Urban 282 (43.5) 18 (6.4) 8 (2.8)* 4 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 14 (5.0)* 9 (3.2)* 47 (16.7)*
Rural 367 (56.5) 17 (4.6) 35 (9.5)* 15 (4.1) 14 (3.8) 42 (11.4)* 55 (15.0)* 147 (40.1)*
Housing 589        
Totally indoors 124 (21.1) 3 (2.4) 6 (4.8) 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 3 (2.4)* 13 (10.5) 24 (19.4)*
Access to outdoors 465 (78.9) 28 (6.0) 36 (7.7) 17 (3.7) 8 (1.7) 51 (11.0)* 39 (8.4) 151 (32.5)*
FeLV 242        
Negative 231 (95.5) 12 (5.2) 15 (6.5) 6 (2.6) 6 (2.6) 13 (5.6) 29 (12.6) 70 (30.3)
Positive 11 (4.5) 1 (9.1) 1 (9.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (9.1) 1 (9.1) 0 (0.0) 3 (27.3)
FIV 247        
Negative 226 (91.5) 11 (4.9) 16 (7.1) 6 (2.7) 6 (2.7) 14 (6.2) 28 (12.4) 69 (30.5)
Positive 21 (8.5) 3 (14.3) 1 (4.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (4.8) 1 (4.8) 1 (4.8) 6 (28.6)
Clinical status 222        
Non-suspect 197 (88.7) 8 (4.1) 26 (13.2) 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 12 (6.1) 8 (4.1) 49 (24.9)
Suspect 25 (11.3) 3 (12.0) 1 (4.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (4.0) 3 (12.0) 6 (24.0)
Total 649 (100) 35 (5.4) 43 (6.6) 19 (2.9) 14 (2.2) 56 (8.6) 64 (9.9) 194 (29.9)
  1. *,a,b Statistically significant difference (p <0.05); DSH: domestic short-haired; FeLV: feline leukaemia virus; FIV: feline immunodeficiency virus.