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Table 1 Prevalence and intensity of tick infestation among birds according to their feeding preference and migration habits

From: Birds as potential reservoirs of tick-borne pathogens: first evidence of bacteraemia with Rickettsia helvetica

Bird species (tick infested/all) Feeding preference (tick infested/all) Distance of migration (tick infested/all) Number of birds infested with … (number of ticks)
    Ixodes ricinus Haemaphysalis concinna Hyalomma sp.
    Larva Nymph Larva Nymph Larva
Luscinia megarhynchos (4/36)   Long (6/44) 2 (5) 4 (5)    
Luscinia luscinia (1/7)   1 (5) 1 (2)    
Anthus trivialis (1/1)   1 (1) 1 (4)    
Erithacus rubecula (13/52) Ground level (27/115)   7 (9) 8 (14)    
Turdus philomelos (2/6)   Short (16/59) 1 (3) 2 (5)    
Turdus iliacus (1/1)    1 (1)    
Turdus merula (5/12)   Local (5/12) 2 (2) 4 (11)    
Acrocephalus scirpaceus (15/129)    2 (3) 12 (14) 2 (2) 3 (4)  
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus (4/90)    2 (2) 2 (2)    
Locustella luscinioides (1/26)   Long (23/283)    1 (5)   
Sylvia communis (2/19)   1 (1) 2 (2)    
Phylloscopus sibilatrix (1/19) Above ground level (41/771)      1 (1)
Sylvia atricapilla (12/372)   Middle (13/464) 6 (10) 8 (8) 1 (1) 1 (1)  
Phylloscopus collybita (1/92)    1 (1)    
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (2/18)   Short (5/24)   2 (2)    
Prunella modularis (3/6)   1 (1) 3 (7) 1 (5)