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Table 1 Baseline demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the study participants by study arm

From: Effect of combining mosquito repellent and insecticide treated net on malaria prevalence in Southern Ethiopia: a cluster-randomised trial

Baseline characteristics Study arm Total
  Repellent and LLINs LLINs alone  
Number of households enrolled, n (%) 615 (49.8) 620 (50.2) 1235 (100)
Total household members enrolled, n (%) 3088 (50.6) 3004 (49.4) 6082 (100)
Average (SD) household size 5.0 (2.0) 4.8 (1.9) 4.9 (2.0)
Mean (SD) age (years) 19.0 (14.6) 19.6 (15.4) 19.3 (15.0)
Female (%) 49.5 50.7 50.1
Children <5 years (%) 15.4 15.5 15.5
Pregnant women (%) 1.42 1.30 1.4
Households with:    
 Corrugated iron roof (%) 4.4 2.9 3.6
 Pipe water supply (%) 38.5 25.8 32.1
 Pit latrine (%) 74.0 84.4 79.2
 At least one ox (%) 70.3 67.9 69.3
 Bicycle (%) 15.4 12.9 14.2
 At least one LLIN (%) 56.6 65.6 61.1
 Two or more LLIN (%) 14.8 35.8 25.3
People slept under an LLIN during the night preceding the survey (%) 41.2 58.9 50.5
Children <5 years slept under an LLIN during the night preceding the survey (%) 55.7 75.7 66.6
Pregnant women slept under an LLIN during the night preceding the survey (%) 40.0 71.4 60.0
  1. LLIN = Long-lasting insecticidal net, SD = Standard deviation.