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Table 1 Mean urine albumin values and relationship with parasitological, immunological and proxy marker (microhaematuria) of infection with S. haematobium

From: Schistosomiasis in pre-school-age children and their mothers in Chikhwawa district, Malawi with notes on characterization of schistosomes and snails

  Mothers Children
Mean urine albumin (mg/L) CI95 Mean urine albumin (mg/L) CI95
All 11.9 9.1 – 15.4 7.6 5.9 – 9.8
S. haematobium egg-negative 7.4 5.8 – 9.8 5.7 4.4 – 7.5
S. haematobium egg-positive 43.3 28.6 – 65.5 49.0 20.1 – 117.4
SEA-ELISA negative 14.3 7.1 – 27.9 4.1 2.9 – 5.6
SEA-ELISA positive 11.7 8.9 – 15.3 13.9 9.2 – 20.7
No microhaematuria 6.3 4.6 – 8.5 4.6 3.4 – 6.1
With microhaematuria 27.2 18.8 – 39.2 27.1 16.1 – 45.1