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Table 1 Viability (A) and mortality (B) of the A. aegypti group treated with burchellin

From: Burchellin: study of bioactivity against Aedes aegypti

A L3-L4 L4 - Pupae Pupae -adult L3-Adult
X ± SD % X ± SD % X ± SD % X ± SD %
Control 10.0 ± 0 100 10.0 ± 0 a 100 10.0 ± 0 a 100 10.0 ± 0 a 100
Control 2 10.0 ± 0 100 10.0 ± 0 ab 100 10.0 ± 0 ab 100 10.0 ± 0 ab 100
0.5 μg/mL 10.0 ± 0 100 10.0 ± 0 ab 100 10.0 ± 0 ab 100 10.0 ± 0 ab 100
1 μg/mL 10.0 ± 0 100 10.0 ± 0 ab 100 10.0 ± 0 ab 100 10.0 ± 0 ab 100
5 μg/mL 10,0 ± 0 67 6.7 ± 1.5 c*** 100 6.7 ± 1.5 c*** 100 6.7 ± 1.5 c*** 67
10 μg/mL 10.0 ± 0 63 6.3 ± 1.1 c*** 100 6.3 ± 1.1 cd*** 95 6.0 ± 1.0 cd*** 60
20 μg/mL 10.0 ± 0 66 6.6 ± 0.6 c*** 71 4.7 ± 0.6 d*** 85 4.0 ± 1.0 d*** 40
30 μg/mL 10.0 ± 0 13 1.3 ± 0.6 d*** 0 0 0 0 0
B Larvae Pupae
X ± SD VI % X ± SD VI %
Control 0 0 0 0 0 0
Control 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.5 μg/mL 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 μg/mL 0 0 0 0 0 0
5 μg/mL 3.3 ± 1.5 c** 3-3 33 0 0 0
10 μg/mL 3.6 ± 1.2 c*** 2-2 37 0.3 ± 0.6 7-7 5
20 μg/mL 5.7 ± 0.2 c*** 1-3 53 0.7 ± 0.6 7-7 14
30 μg/mL 10 ± 0 d*** 1-3 100 - - -
  1. Burchellin treatment on A. aegypti at 0.5 – 30 μg/mL concentration. Values are mean ± standard deviation (X ± SD), average of three replicates of 10 larvae L3 per each group. Values followed by the same letter did not significantly different from each other, P > 0.05 when the Tukey test was used. Significance levels are represented as ***P < 0.001 and **P < 0.01 vs. Control 2 = Acetone control.
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