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Table 2 LTR genetic variability on transcriptional and regulatory sites in HIV-1 subtype C chronically infected individuals with and without helminths coinfections

From: Triple NF-kB binding sites and LTR sequence similarities in HIV-1C isolates irrespective of helminth co-infection

Variables Mutation frequency (x10−2)a
  Enhancer region Promotor region TAR element
  NF-κBI NF-κBII NF-κBIII SPI SP II SP III E-box I TATA box E-box II TAR
With helminths infection 8.5 12.4 2.6 12.4 0 8.8 2.5 3.1 1.7 7.1
Without helminths infection 9.3 11.3 1.6 14.1 0 5.3 5.0 2.7 1.7 7.7
  1. aPolymorphic changes are calculated by dividing the number of changes with respect to ETH2220 sequence by total number of nucleotides sequenced in each region; NF-κB-Nuclear factor Kappa B; TAR element-Transcription trans-activator.