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Table 4 Endoparasites of dogs in Brazil

From: Dogs, cats, parasites, and humans in Brazil: opening the black box

Phylum Class Order Family Speciesa
Apicomplexa Aconoidasida Piroplasmida Babesiidae Babesia gibsoni
     Babesia vogeli
    Theileriidaeb Rangelia vitalii
  Conoidasida Eucoccidiorida Hepatozoidae Hepatozoon canis
    Cryptosporidiidae Cryptosporidium canis
    Eimeridae Isospora canis (syn. Cystoisospora canis)
     Isospora ohioensis (syn. Cystoisospora ohioensis)
    Sarcocystidae Hammondia heydorni
     Neospora caninum
     Sarcocystis capracanis
     Sarcocystis cruzi (syn. Sarcocystis bovicanis)
     Sarcocystis levinei
     Sarcocystis miescheriana (syn. Sarcocystis suicanis)
     Sarcocystis tenella (syn. Sarcocystis ovicanis)
Metamonada Parabasalia Trichomonadida Trichomonadidae Pentatrichomonas hominis (syn. Trichomonas hominis)
Sarcomastigophora Zoomastigophora Diplomonadida Hexamitidae Giardia duodenalis (syn. Giardia intestinalis)
   Kinetoplastida Trypanosomatidae Leishmania infantum (syn. Leishmania chagasi)
     Leishmania amazonensis
     Leishmania braziliensis
     Trypanosoma caninum
     Trypanosoma evansi
     Trypanosoma cruzi
Nematoda Secernentea Strongylida Ancylostomatidae Ancylostoma braziliense
     Ancylostoma caninum
    Angiostrongylidae Angiostrongylus vasorum
   Rhabditida Strongyloididae Strongyloides stercoralis
   Ascaridida Ascarididae Lagochilascaris minor
     Toxascaris leonina
     Toxocara canis
    Dioctophymatidae Dioctophyme renale
   Trichurida Trichinellidae Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica)
    Trichuridae Trichuris vulpis
   Spirurida Gongylonematidae Gongylonema pulchrum
    Onchocercidae Acanthocheilonema reconditum
     Cercopithifilaria bainae
     Cercopithifilaria grassii (syn. Dipetalonema grassii)
     Dirofilaria immitis
    Physalopteridae Physaloptera praeputialis
    Spirocercidae Spirocerca lupi
Platyhelminthes Cestoda Cyclophyllidea Dipylidiidae Dipylidium caninum
    Taeniidae Echinococcus granulosus
     Taenia hydatigena
     Taenia multiceps (syn. Multiceps multiceps)
  Trematoda Opisthorchiida Heterophyidae Ascocotyle longa (syn. Phagicola arnaldoi)
Acanthocephala Archiacanthocephala Oligacanthorhynchida Oligacanthorhynchidae Oncicola canis
  1. aChecklist of endoparasites (protozoa and helminths) affecting dogs in Brazil [32, 67130, 344353] Doubtful records (e.g., Phagicola minuta, Aelurostrongylus abstrusus, Dirofilaria repens, Necator americanus, Trichuris serrata, Uncinaria stenocephala, Isospora rivolta, and Isospora bigemina) [68, 69] are not included.
  2. bThe genus Rangelia has long been regarded a synonym of Babesia (family Babesiidae), but recent genetic and biological data supports its validity and its inclusion in the family Theileriidae. The creation of a monospecific family (Rangeliidae) does not seem desirable.