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Table 1 Socio-demographic, obstetric profiles and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma seropositivity in pregnant women by univariate analysis

From: Toxoplasma infection in pregnant women: a current status in Songklanagarind hospital, southern Thailand

Variable No. of pregnant women P-value
  Total (n, %) Toxoplasma seropositive (n, %)  
  N = 760 N = 190  
Demographic profile    
Age
  Range 14–47 years    
  Mean 29.5 ± 6.34 years    
Age group    0.042
  14–25 214 (28.2) 40 (18.7)  
  26–35 408 (53.7) 112 (27.5)  
  36-47 138 (18.2) 38 (27.5)  
Education    0.311
  Primary 48 (6.3) 16 (33.3)  
  Secondary 343 (45.1) 80 (23.3)  
  Tertiary 369 (48.6) 94 (25.5)  
Occupation    0.002
  Labourer 317 (41.7) 95 (29.9)  
  Non-Labourer 275 (36.2) 69 (25.0)  
  Unemployed 168 (22.1) 26 (15.5)  
Obstetric history    
Antibiotic usage    0.801
  No 664 (87.4) 167 (25.2)  
  Yes 96 (12.6) 23 (23.9)  
Trimester    
  First 621 (81.7) 162 (26.1) 0.255
  Second 129 (17.0) 27 (20.9)  
  Third 10 (1.3) 1 (10.0)  
No. children    0.460
  ≤1 637 (83.8) 156 (24.5)  
  ≥2 123 (16.2) 34 (27.6)  
History of abortion    1.000
  No 592 (77.9) 148 (25.0)  
  Yes 168 (22.1) 42 (25.0)  
Awareness of toxoplasmosis    0.320
  No 708 (93.2) 180 (25.4)  
  Yes 52 (6.8) 10 (19.2)  
Risk factors of toxoplasmosis    
Close contact with cats    0.258
  No 482 (63.4) 114 (23.7)  
  Yes 278 (36.6) 76 (27.3)  
Consumption of undercooked meat    0.408
  No 275 (36.2) 64 (23.3)  
  Yes 485 (63.8) 126 (25.9)  
Receiving blood transfusion    0.414
  No 758 (99.7) 190 (25.1)  
  Yes 2 (0.26) 0 (0)  
Drinking water from various source    0.013
  Boiled 75 (9.8) 24 (32.0)  
  Mineral/Filtered 597 (78.6) 135 (22.6)  
  Piped/tap/rain 88 (11.6) 31 (35.2)  
Drinking milk    0.693
  No 97 (12.8) 27 (27.8)  
  Boiled 8 (1.1) 3 (37.5)  
  Pasteurized 649 (85.4) 158 (24.3)  
  Non-Pasteurized 6 (0.8) 2 (33.3)  
Having contact with soil    0.395
  No 316 (41.6) 74 (23.4)  
  Yes 444 (58.4) 116 (26.1)  
Close contact with other animals    0.967
  No 369 (48.6) 92 (24.9)  
  Yes 391 (51.4) 98 (25.0)