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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios CI 95 and significance of the p-value (Wald Test) from logistic regression models

From: Parasites of domestic owned cats in Europe: co-infestations and risk factors

  Toxocara cati Aelurostrongylus abstrusus Otodectes cynotis Ctenocephalides spp.
Center of examination
Maisons-Alfort 0.66 [0.23-1.62] NS    0.30 [0.08-0.82] * 2.10 [0.97-4.38] NS (.)
Bari 2.51 [1.29-4.82] ** 0.64 [0.20-1.84] NS 4.06 [2.75-6.06] * 0.19 [0.07-0.43] ***
Budapest 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
Cluj-Napoca 2.81 [1.82-4.39] *** 1.56 [0.64-3.83] NS 0.45 [0.25-0.76] ** 1.43 [0.90-2.27] NS
Liege 0.42 [0.12-1.13] NS    0.22 [0.03-0.74] * 5.30 [2.60-10.66] ***
Madrid 0.75 [0.24-1.97] NS    0.53 [0.19-1.24]   0.64 [0.13-0.63] NS
Nantes 1.30 [0.52-2.95] NS    0.15 [0.02-0.52] * 4.86 [2.46-9.51] ***
Naples 5.05 [3.07-8.43] *** 4.26 [1.96-9.81] *** 1.73 [1.09-2.74] * 7.69 [4.60-13.02] ***
Vienna 0.79 [0.28-1.88] NS    0.23 [0.07-0.59] ** - -
Age of cats
<6 months 2.12 [1.32-3.44] ** - - 0.72 [0.40-1.25] NS 1.09 [0.62-1.93] NS
6-24 months 1.00 - - - 1.00 - 1.00 -
>24 months 0.64 [0.43-0.93] * - - 0.99 [0.70-1.42] NS 1.50 [0.99-2.31] NS
Outdoor access
Rare 0.41 [0.21-0.75] ** 0.22 [0.06-0.55] ** 0.35 [0.23-0.53] *** 0.26 [0.17-0.41] ***
Frequent 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 - 1.00 -
Multipet household Number of other cats in the house    Multipet household
  0 1.34 [0.89-2.01] NS    No 1.11 [0.56-2.09] * No 1.25 [0.64-2.36] NS
  1-2 1.00 -    Yes 1.00 - Yes 1.00 -
  ≥ 3 2.27 [1.54-3.36] ***       
Treatments Anthelmintic treatment per year (nb)     Anti-flea treatment per year (nb)
  0 1.54 [1.05-2.27] *     ≤3 1.00 -
  1-2 1.00 -     ≥4 0.22 [0.13-0.37] ***
  ≥ 3 10.48 [0.27-0.83] *       
Interactions >24 months + rare outdoor access    <6 months + single animal >24 months + single animal
  0.30 [0.10-0.81] *    5.36 [1.92-15.23] ** 0.40 [0.17-0.92] *
  1. ***0 < p < 0.001.
  2. **0.001 < p < 0.01.
  3. *0.01 < p < 0.05.
  4. NS 0.05 < p.
  5. (.) 0.05 < p < 0.1.
  6. The modalities taken as references for the statistical analysis are presented in bold.