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Table 3 Univariate analysis of risk factors for Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaremia (mf) in Séké Pembé

From: A case study of risk factors for lymphatic filariasis in the Republic of Congo

  Total (773#) Negative mf (%) Positive mf (%) P Males Negative mf (%) Positive mf (%) P Females Negative mf (%) Positive mf (%) P
Bed nets             
 No 196 184 (93.9) 12 (6.1) 0.554 131 122 (93.1) 9 (6.9) 0.399 65 63 (95.4) 3 (4.6) 0.273
 Yes 577 548 (95.0) 29 (5.0)   222 201 (90.5) 21 (9.5)   355 347 (97.8) 8 (2.2)  
Latrines             
 No 273 252 (92.3) 21 (7.7) 0.029 127 112 (88.2) 15 (11.8) 0.094 146 140 (95.9) 6 (4.1) 0.163
 Yes 500 480 (96.0) 20 (4.0)   226 211 (93.4) 15 (6.6)   274 269 (98.2) 5 (1.8)  
Water source             
 River 285 268 (94.0) 17 (6.0) 0.531 131 117 (89.3) 14 (10.7) 0.257 154 151 (98.1) 3 (1.9) 0.512
 Public pump 488 464 (95.1) 24 (4.9)   222 206 (92.8) 16 (7.2)   266 258 (97.0) 8 (3.0)  
Hunting and/or fishing*             
 No 368 356 (96.7) 12 (3.3) 0.020 134 128 (95.5) 6 (4.5) 0.034 234 228 (97.4) 6 (2.6) 0.893
 Yes 369 343 (92.9) 26 (7.1)   199 177 (88.9) 22 (11.1)   170 166 (97.7) 4 (2.3)  
Occasionally sleeping in the bush* (Men only, N = 334)             
 No NA NA NA - 221 207 (93.7) 14 (6.3) 0.055 NA NA NA -
 Yes      112 98 (87.5) 14 (12.5)      
Anti-helminthic drugs within the last year             
 No 639 602 (94.2) 37 (5.8) 0.188 292 265 (90.8) 27 (9.3) 0.270 347 337 (97.1) 10 (2.9) 0.462
 Yes 134 130 (97.0) 4 (3.0)   61 58 (95.1) 3 (4.9)   73 72 (98.6) 1 (1.4)  
Distance to the field* (km, mean ± standard deviation) 3.6 ± 1.4 3.7 ± 1.5 3.8 ± 1.2 0.570 3.7 ± 1.5 3.7 ± 1.5 3.7 ± 1.5 0.477 3.6 ± 1.4 3.6 ± 1.4 3.9 ± 1.2 0.865
  1. *N = 737 (36 missing data).
  2. 1 data missing.
  3. #1 positive ICT was not tested for microfilaremia.