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Table 2 Birds infested by Rickettsia spp.-infected ticks

From: Spotted fever Rickettsia species in Hyalomma and Ixodes ticks infesting migratory birds in the European Mediterranean area

Bird species   No. Rickettsia spp. infected ticks (total no. of ticks)/No. birds carrying ticks infected with Rickettsia spp. (No. birds carrying ticks)  
   2009 2010 Total number included in study
Latin name Common name Antikythira Capri Antikythira Capri
   Ticks Birds Ticks Birds Ticks Birds Ticks Birds Ticks Birds
Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great Reed Warbler      81 (11) 2 (3)    11 197
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Sedge Warbler 102 (16) 5 (6)    15 (23) 4 (7)    39 459
Acrocephalus scirpaceus Reed Warbler 3 (4) 1 (1)    0 (2) 0 (1)    6 24
Anthus trivialis Tree Pipit 1 (4) 1 (4) 3 (7) 23 (3) 2 (5) 2 (5)    16 406
Caprimulgus europaeus Eurasian Nightjar      2 (2) 1 (1)    2 25
Carduelis chloris European Greenfinch      14 (4) 1 (1)    4 21
Carduelis spinus Siskin      15 (1) 1 (1)    1 3
Erithacus rubecula European Robin 2 (4) 1 (1)    0 (12) 0 (6)    16 127
Fidecula albicollis Collard Flycatcher 3 (3) 1 (1)    0 (3) 0 (2)    6 174
Fidecula hypoleuca* European Pied Flycatcher 2 (7) 2 (7) 20 (44) 15 (31) 0 (8) 0 (4) 56 (31) 4 (22) 59 2008
Hippolais icterina* Icterine Warbler 2 (3) 1 (2*) 1 (1*) 1 (1*) 1 (1) 1 (1) 0 (2) 0 (1) 7 475
Hippolais pallida Olivaceous Warbler 1 (1) 1 (1)    1 (1) 1 (1)    2 46
Lanius senator Woodchat Shrike 20 (25) 4 (5) 3 (3) 2 (2) 12 ± 1 (25) 8 (11)    53 122
Luscinia megarhynchos Common Nightingale 12 (15) 3 (6*) 0 (1) 0 (1) 11 (20) 4 (7)    36 319
Motacilla flava Yellow Wagtail 9 (9) 1 (1)    1 (2) 1 (1)    11 9
Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher    2 (2) 2 (2) 1 (1) 1 (1) 3 (4) 3 (4) 7 1187
Oenanthe oenanthe Wheatear      2 (2) 2 (2) 13 (17) 4 (4) 19 82
Oriolus oriolus* Golden Oriole 0 (2) 0 (2) 4 (9) 3 (4) 37 (6) 3 (5) 0 (1) 0 (1) 18 293
Phoenicurus phoenicurus* Common Redstart 5 (10) 3 (6) 3 (10) 3 (6) 108 (24) 10 (15) 1 (7) 1 (4) 51 386
Phylloscopus orientalis Eastern Bonelli's Warbler      3 (7) 3 (4)    7 33
Phylloscopus sibilatrix Wood Warbler 1 (5) 1 (4) 6 (13) 5 (12) 2 (5) 2 (5) 3 (10) 3 (9) 33 1238
Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler 1 (2) 1 (2) 1 (1) 1 (1)    0 (1) 0 (1) 4 738
Saxicola rubetra* Whinchat 0 (2) 0 (2) 16 (73) 13 (33) 1 (3) 1 (2) 23 (58) 14 (34) 135 1472
Sylvia borin* Garden Warbler 29 (3) 2 (3) 0 (3) 0 (1) 3 (4) 3 (4) 1 (3) 1 (3) 13 2190
Sylvia communis* Common Whitethroat 10 (16) 6 (8) 43 (70) 24 (33) 8 (13) 6 (9) 16 (24) 10 (17) 123 1244
Turdus philomelos Song Thrush 4 (5) 1 (1)    710 (13) 2 (2)    18 23
Upupa epops Eurasian Hoopoe      2 (2) 2 (2)    2 18
Unknown species   0 (1) 0 (1) 1 (2) 1 (2)      3 3
  27 species 88 (137) 36 (65) 103 (239) 72 (130) 97 ± 1 (200) 61 (103) 65 (158) 40 (100) 353 ± 1 (734) 13 322**
  1. Of the infected ticks 96% carried Rickettsia aeschlimannii, marked are those ticks who carried other rickettsia species, see Tablee 5 for more details. 1. One Rickettsia sp. (84748).
  2. 2. Two Rickettsia sp. (84607 and 84609) 3. One Rickettsia sp. (84154) from an Ixodes frontalis adult female 4. One probable R. africae 5. One R. africae 6. One possible R. monacensis (113618) from an Ixodes frontalis 7. One Rickettsia sp. (84751) 8. One R. africae 9. One Rickettsia sp. (84594) from a Haemaphysalis sp. nymph 10. Four R. africae and one probable R. africae *One bird with uncertain species definition. **Bird species without ticks are not included.