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Table 1 Overview of data sources for the climatic and environmental variables

From: Multilevel and geo-statistical modeling of malaria risk in children of Burkina Faso

Variables Time period (Resolution) Spatial resolution Source
Minimum temperature* Average of 1950-2000 ~1 km Global Climate Data
Average temperature
Maximum temperature*
Mean diurnal range in temperature
Average monthly rainfall
Precipitation seasonality
Altitude 2000
NDVI 2001-2010 (5 days) 250 m US Geological Survey
Rainfall before the survey 2010 (10 days) ~8 km
MODIS VCF§ 2010 ~250 m Global Land Cover Facility
Distance to roads†† 1998 Vector DIVA-GIS
Distance to water bodies†† 1998 Vector Food and Agriculture Organization
Population density 2010 ~5 km Gridded Population of the World (v3)
  1. Unless stated otherwise, the variables described above were linked to the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) records by assigning them the information corresponding to the geographic location of the DHS clusters’ centroid.
  2. *Averages computed for minimum temperatures of the coldest month and maximum temperatures of the warmest month.
  3. NDVI: Normalized-Difference Vegetation Index.
  4. §VCF: Vegetation Continuous Field.
  5. ††Distance to roads and water bodies were obtained by calculating the Euclidian distance from the DHS cluster’ centroid to the closest road and water body.