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Table 8 Average distances (±SD) from the nearest landscape feature to dens and control points in Sapporo

From: Where to deliver baits for deworming urban red foxes for Echinococcus multilocularis control: new protocol for micro-habitat modeling of fox denning requirements

Linear distance parameter Den site Control point p  
Average distance (m) n Average distance (m) n
L-wroad 306 (±364) 65 196 (±121) 730 0.3091
L-nroad 86 (±75) 65 77 (±42) 730 0.5728
L-water 370 (±514) 65 362 (±591) 730 0.7242
L-river 1024 (±996) 65 2446 (±1766) 730 < 0.0001*
L-ocpbl 152 (±130) 65 143 (±84) 730 0.3728
L-vctbl 111 (±108) 65 79 (±57) 730 0.0941
L-farm 352 (±661) 65 1747 (±1364) 730 < 0.0001*
L-green 155 (±425) 65 178 (±197) 730 < 0.0001*
L-blank 106 (±89) 65 93 (±75) 730 0.3470
  1. *p < 0.05.
  2. p indicates the significance probability when the den sites and control points were compared by Mann–Whitney U test.
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