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Figure 4 | Parasites & Vectors

Figure 4

From: The effect of multiple blood-feeding on the longevity and insecticide resistant phenotype in the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae)

Figure 4

Comparison of detoxification enzyme activity of 18 day old SENN and SENN-DDT Anopheles arabiensis females. 15 day old females either deprived of blood (15 day 0 blood), offered only one blood meal at 15 days (15 day 1 blood) or fed multiple blood meals at three day intervals up to and including 15 days (15 day multiblood) were allowed 72 hours to digest their final blood meal (if offered) before being assayed for detoxification enzyme activity. Block A represents haeme peroxidase activity and shows a comparison of SENN-DDT females that had no blood meals compared to those that had single or multiple meals. The asterisk denotes a significantly lower enzyme activity in multiple blood-fed SENN-DDT compared to all other cohorts. SENN is not represented as there were no significant changes in haeme peroxidise activity in this strain regardless of dietary treatment. Block B represents Glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity of SENN and SENN-DDT females. The asterisks denote a significant difference between GST activities of the different strains at the same age. A circle denotes a significant increase in activity of a 15 day old SENN-DDT cohort compared to their 3 day old counterparts.

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