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Table 3 Number of Haemosporida infections and total host individuals sampled among birds with active WNV infections and spatiotemporally paired individuals of the same age and host species that were naïve to WNV

From: An inverse association between West Nile virus serostatus and avian malaria infection status

a) West Nile virus positive     
  Haemosporida infections Plasmodium infections Total sampled Haemosporidian Lineages
 American robin1 2 1 2 CHI04PL, CHI02PL, CHI19PA
 Gray catbird 1 0 1 CHI01PA
 House finch 0 0 3  
 House sparrow 4 4 15 P. cathemerium, CHI05PL, P. elongatum
 House wren 0 0 1  
 Northern cardinal 2 2 2 P. cathemerium, P. elongatum
 Red-winged blackbird 0 0 1  
 Northern flicker 0 0 1  
 Total 9 7 26  
b) West Nile virus negative     
 American robin1 1 1 2 CHI04PL1, P. elongatum
 Gray catbird 0 0 1  
 House finch 1 1 3 P.cathemerium
 House sparrow2 4 2 15 P.cathemerium, P. elongatum
 house wren 0 0 1  
 Northern cardinal 1 1 2 P. elongatum
 Red-winged blackbird 1 1 1 P.cathemerium
 Northern flicker 0 0 1  
 Total 8 6 26  
  1. Haemosporida lineages recovered from each host are listed.
  2. 1Two Plasmodium lineages were recovered from the same host individual.
  3. 2The lineages of two Haemosporida infections were not identified.